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BACKGROUND The risk of transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is predominantly attributable to donations given during the early stage of infection when diagnostic tests may fail. In 1997, nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT)-testing was introduced at the German(More)
BACKGROUND Five cases of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) RNA-positive blood donations are described that escaped detection by three different CE-marked nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT) screening assays. These events were associated with two HIV-1 transmissions to recipients of blood components. The implicated NAT assays are monotarget(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleic acid testing (NAT) of pooled plasma samples from individual blood donations for viral nucleic acids has become widely established. Full automation of such sample processing can overcome many of the problems associated with methods used so far. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS In this study an automated extraction method for viral nucleic acids(More)
BACKGROUND Routine bacterial monitoring of apheresis platelet concentrates (APC) and pooled platelet concentrates (PPC) was introduced in two German blood services using culture and real-time reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The results of testing are reviewed and used to discuss different strategies for detection of bacterial(More)
BACKGROUND Three European laboratories evaluated the TaqScreen DPX test (DPX test), a multiplex nucleic acid test assay for the simultaneous detection and quantitation of parvovirus B19 (B19V) DNA and the detection of hepatitis A virus (HAV) RNA. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The 95% limit of detection of the test for B19V and HAV was determined using the(More)
BACKGROUND In 1997 the German Red Cross (GRC) blood donor services introduced mini-pool nucleic acid testing (NAT) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) to increase blood safety. With the new cobas s 201/cobas TaqScreen MPX, a fully automated extraction method and a multiplex amplification system(More)
BACKGROUND A blood donation, obtained in 2003 in Germany during the preseroconversion diagnostic window period of a hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, tested HAV-negative by commercially available HAV reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection assays. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The virus responsible for this infection was identified(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleic acid amplification techniques (NAT) in routine blood donor screening considerably reduce the diagnostic window phase period. Nevertheless, several reports of false-negative NAT results were published. Here, four cases of human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) RNA-positive blood donations that escaped detection by NAT screening are(More)