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The correspondence problem is of high relevance in the construction and use of statistical models. Statistical models are used for a variety of medical application, e.g. segmentation, registration and shape analysis. In this paper, we present comparative studies in three anatomical structures of four different correspondence establishing methods. The goal(More)
Delineating brain tumor boundaries from magnetic resonance images is an essential task for the analysis of brain cancer. We propose a fully automatic method for brain tissue segmentation, which combines Support Vector Machine classification using multispectral intensities and textures with subsequent hierarchical regularization based on Conditional Random(More)
A majority of pre-operative planning and navigational guidance during computer assisted orthopaedic surgery routinely uses three-dimensional models of patient anatomy. These models enhance the surgeon's capability to decrease the invasiveness of surgical procedures and increase their accuracy and safety. A common approach for this is to use computed(More)
Reconstruction of patient-specific 3D bone surface from 2D calibrated fluoroscopic images and a point distribution model is discussed. We present a 2D/3D reconstruction scheme combining statistical extrapolation and regularized shape deformation with an iterative image-to-model correspondence establishing algorithm, and show its application to reconstruct(More)
Statistical shape analysis techniques commonly employed in the medical imaging community, such as Active Shape Models or Active Appearance Models, rely on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to decompose shape variability into a reduced set of interpretable components. In this paper we propose Principal Factor Analysis (PFA) as an alternative and(More)
Some clinical applications, such as surgical planning, require volumetric models of anatomical structures represented as a set of tetrahedra. A practical method of constructing anatomical models from medical images is presented. The method starts with a set of contours segmented from the medical images by a clinician and produces a model that has high(More)
In this paper, we propose a new method for fully-automatic landmark detection and shape segmentation in X-ray images. To detect landmarks, we estimate the displacements from some randomly sampled image patches to the (unknown) landmark positions, and then we integrate these predictions via a voting scheme. Our key contribution is a new algorithm for(More)
This article presents a feasibility and evaluation study for using 2D ultrasound in conjunction with our statistical deformable bone model within the scope of computer-assisted surgery. The final aim is to provide the surgeon with enhanced 3D visualization for surgical navigation in orthopedic surgery without the need for preoperative CT or MRI scans. We(More)
We present a framework for statistical finite element analysis combining shape and material properties, and allowing performing statistical statements of biomechanical performance across a given population. In this paper, we focus on the design of orthopaedic implants that fit a maximum percentage of the target population, both in terms of geometry and(More)