Lutz G Gürtler

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OBJECTIVE The HIV epidemic in Cameroon is characterized by a high level of strain diversity despite a relatively low prevalence of infection. In this study, HIV strains infecting blood donors in Cameroon were characterized to determine the prevalence of subtypes and intersubtype recombinants and if strain prevalence was changing over time. METHODS From(More)
We report the second human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) belonging to the new HIV type 1 (HIV-1) group P lineage that is closely related to the simian immunodeficiency virus found in gorillas. This virus was identified in an HIV-seropositive male hospital patient in Cameroon, confirming that the group P virus is circulating in humans. Results from screening(More)
In order to assess the incidence of HIV mixed infection as well as to clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV in central Africa, we investigated 43 HIVs obtained from 211 Cameroonian AC, ARC, and AIDS patients in 1994 and 1995. Part of the pol region and part of the env region were phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 43(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease linked with genetic factors as well as with environmental triggers, such as virus infections, but the aetiology is still unclear. The authors analysed serum from autoantibody-positive (n=50) and autoantibody-negative (n=50) schoolchildren as well as children newly diagnosed with T1D (n=47; time from diagnosis,(More)
Because antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are absent in the very early phase of HIV infection, there remains a slight residual risk for HIV transmission by blood donations by viremic but antibody negative donations. To shorten the diagnostic window between infection and the detection of antibodies, Enzygnost HIV Integral (Dade Behring,(More)
A new subtype (MVP-5180) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was isolated from a Cameroonian AIDS patient. MVP-5180 was grown in several human T-cell lines and the monocytic U937 line. MVP-5180 DNA could not be amplified by nested primer PCR with conventional env primers and could be only very faintly amplified with gag and pol primers. Most(More)
Fourth-generation assays for the simultaneous detection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antigen and antibody that were available on the international market until now have antigen detection modules with relatively poor sensitivity and produce a higher rate of false-positive results than third-generation enzyme immunoassays (EIAs). The new Cobas Core(More)
Analysis of 3555 HIV-seropositive specimens, collected in Cameroon from 2002 to 2006, led to the identification of four HIV-1 group N infections based on differential seroreactivity to HIV env-derived peptides and proteins and confirmation by nucleic acid amplification. Group N prevalence continues to be low accounting for only 0.1% of HIV infections in(More)
HIV-1 is classified into three groups, M (major), N (non-M non-O), and O (outlier); each group arose from a separate transmission of SIVcpz into humans. HIV-1 group N was recently discovered and infections with this virus are rare with only eight documented cases. All group N infections have been found in Cameroon and there is no evidence of direct linkage(More)
BACKGROUND Various infectious agents are associated with atherosclerosis. This analysis was performed to investigate relation between seropositivity for anti-Borrelia IgG and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS The cross-sectional Study of Health in Pomerania was conducted in a general community living in a region with endemic Lyme disease. A random sample(More)