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OBJECTIVE The mutual drug-drug interaction potential of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor cerivastatin and cyclosporine (INN, ciclosporin) in kidney transplant recipients receiving individual immunosuppressive treatment was evaluated with respect to pharmacokinetic behavior of either drug and tolerability of concomitant(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate an instrument for measuring knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine and to investigate whether short courses in evidence based medicine lead to a meaningful increase in knowledge and skills. DESIGN Development and validation of an assessment instrument and before and after study. SETTING Various postgraduate(More)
BACKGROUND The immunosuppressive activity of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is based on the reversible inhibition of inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) by mycophenolic acid (MPA). It was the aim of this study to develop a nonradioactive method for specific measurement of IMPDH activity in isolated peripheral mononuclear cells (MNC). METHODS The(More)
Recent studies have implicated a variant of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE), associated with increased activity of this enzyme, in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. This study provides a systematic review of all cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies in patients with insulin-dependent (IDDM) or(More)
The immunosuppressive activity of Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) is based on the reversible inhibition of inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) by mycophenolic acid. Pharmacodynamic monitoring by measurement of IMPDH activity reflects directly the biological response to MMF. For measurement of IMPDH activity in peripheral mononuclear cells we(More)
UNLABELLED Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity, is usually administered as a standard dose of 1 g b.i.d. after renal transplantation. Because MMF dose reductions are associated with inferior outcome, we investigated pre-transplant IMPDH activity, MMF dose reductions and outcome. IMPDH activity(More)
The immune system undergoes a complex and continuous remodeling as the result of aging. These changes have a major impact on allorecognition and alloresponse. In addition, immunosuppression in the elderly is challenging as a consequence of an increased incidence of associated comorbidities and altered pharmacokinetics. Both advanced donor and recipient age(More)
Allocation of kidneys from donors older than 64 years to recipients older than 64 years was started in 1999 to improve use of older donor kidneys. Kidneys are allocated locally without HLA-matching to keep cold ischemia short. We compared survival and rejection rates in elderly patients allocated in the old-for-old program (ESP) to patients aged 60 years(More)