Lutz Fischer

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Higher-order multi-protein complexes such as RNA polymerase II (Pol II) complexes with transcription initiation factors are often not amenable to X-ray structure determination. Here, we show that protein cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) has now sufficiently advanced as a tool to extend the Pol II structure to a 15-subunit, 670 kDa complex of(More)
Despite many decades of study, mitotic chromosome structure and composition remain poorly characterized. Here, we have integrated quantitative proteomics with bioinformatic analysis to generate a series of independent classifiers that describe the approximately 4,000 proteins identified in isolated mitotic chromosomes. Integrating these classifiers by(More)
The enzymatic transgalactosylation from lactose to fructose leading to the prebiotic disaccharide lactulose was investigated using the beta-galactosidase from Aspergillus oryzae and the hyperthermostable beta-glycosidase from Pyrococcus furiosus (CelB). The conditions for highest lactulose yields relative to the initial lactose concentration were(More)
The refrigerated storage of raw milk selects for psychrotolerant microorganisms, many of which produce peptidases and lipases. Some of these enzymes are heat resistant and are not sufficiently inactivated by pasteurisation or even ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatment. In the current study, 20 different raw cow's milk samples from single farms and dairy(More)
A continuous enzymatic process for the production of the prebiotic disaccharide lactulose through transgalactosylation was developed using free and immobilized beta-glycosidase from Pyrococcus furiosus. The hyperthermostable beta-glycosidase (CelB) was immobilized onto an anion-exchange resin (Amberlite IRA-93) or onto Eupergit C with immobilization yields(More)
The enzymatic production of lactulose was described recently through conversion of lactose by a thermophilic cellobiose 2-epimerase from Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus (CsCE). In the current study, we examined the application of CsCE for lactulose and epilactose production in milk (1.5% fat). The bioconversions were carried out in stirred reaction(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are used widespread in the food industry as traditional starters for various fermented foods. For recombinant protein production, LAB would be superior with view from the food safety demands since most of them are Generally Recognized As Safe organisms. We investigated the two pSIP expression systems, pSIP403 and pSIP409 (Sørvig(More)
This work focuses on the comparison of field characteristics and amounts of reducing sugars in cold-stored tubers of transgenic plants derived from two potato cultivars. The bacterial gene coding for phosphofructokinase under the tuber-specific promoter was used to support the glycolysis in stored tubers. While the tubers from untransformed control plants(More)
β-Glucosidase from almonds (EC 3.2.1.21) was covalently immobilized by a two-step technique. In the first step, double bonds were introduced into the β-glucosidase by derivatization with itaconic anhydride. In separate studies with α-N-protected l-amino acids, it was established that itaconic anhydride acylated mainly primary amino groups of lysines and, to(More)
Plant cell lines represent useful models in plant cell biology. They allow simple analysis of the effects of various factors including modulated gene expression at cellular and subcellular levels. The tobacco BY-2 cell line is a favoured model due to its high proliferation rate, capability of effective synchronization, and accessibility to transformation. A(More)