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BACKGROUND One neoadjuvant course of intra-arterial high-dose cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum [CDDP]) tumor perfusion combined with intravenous sodium thiosulfate (STS) (cisplatin neutralizer) infusion is part of a multimodality concept for treatment of oral cancer. Recently, crystalline cisplatin embolization has been described as a novel treatment(More)
Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has recently been approved for the symptomatic treatment of arthritis. In some clinical studies, doses of 400 and 800 mg/day provided somewhat less efficacy compared with 200 mg/day, which suggests an early ceiling effect. Using the zymosan-induced inflammation model in rats, we show that celecoxib(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Imipenem is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used mainly for serious infections in critically ill patients. Because the infection originates mostly from a certain tissue, we assessed tissue concentrations of imipenem using microdialysis in patients in intensive care with serious infections compared with healthy volunteers. Most patients(More)
The regular use of various nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was shown to decrease the incidence of colorectal cancer. This effect is thought to be caused predominantly by inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and, subsequently, prostaglandin synthesis. However, recent studies have suggested that COX-independent pathways may contribute(More)
Nociception evoked prostaglandin (PG) release in the spinal cord considerably contributes to the induction of hyperalgesia and allodynia. To evaluate the relative contribution of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2 in this process we assessed the effects of the selective COX-1 inhibitor SC560 and the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib on formalin-evoked(More)
The lipid signaling molecule ceramide is formed by the action of acid and neutral sphingomyelinases and degraded by acid and neutral ceramidases. Short-term stimulation of mesangial cells with the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) leads to a rapid and transient increase in neutral sphingomyelinase activity (Kaszkin, M., Huwiler, A.,(More)
The validation of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method for the determination of the selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor etoricoxib in human plasma with phenazone as internal standard is described. The plasma samples were extracted by solid-phase extraction using polymer-based cartridges. Chromatography was carried out on a(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of 8-methoxypsoralen with ultraviolet A exposure (PUVA therapy) is a standard treatment for a variety of dermatoses. The following three variants have been described: oral, bath, or cream PUVA. To achieve optimal therapeutic effects, ultraviolet A irradiation should be performed at the time of maximum photosensitivity, that is, at(More)
This investigation demonstrated a functional coupling between cyclooxygenase-1 (cox) and prostaglandin E2/D2 biosynthesis in murine skin repair. Cyclooxygenase-1 expression decreased transiently after excisional wounding, and this was followed by a marked fall in the rate of prostaglandin E2/D2 biosynthesis at the wound site. Expression of cyclooxygenase-1,(More)
Methods for the determination of celecoxib in human plasma and rat microdialysis samples using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry are described. Celecoxib and an internal standard were extracted from plasma by solid-phase extraction with C18 cartridges. Thereafter compounds were separated on a short narrow bore RP C18 column (30 x 2 mm).(More)