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Neuropeptides of the adipokinetic hormone (AKH) family regulate inter alia mobilisation of various substrates from stores in the fat body of insects during episodes of flight. How is this achieved? In insects which exclusively oxidise carbohydrates for flight (cockroaches), or which oxidise carbohydrates in conjunction with lipids (locusts) or proline (a(More)
We have investigated the pattern of metabolic changes during tethered flight with and without lift generation in the African fruit beetle Pachnoda sinuata. Two distinct metabolic phases occur during lift-generating flight. The first phase is characterised by a high rate of oxygen consumption and a rapid change in proline and alanine levels in the haemolymph(More)
Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, is very susceptible to harmful solar radiation because of its unique genetic setup. Exposure occurs in spring to autumn during vertical diel migration and during occasional daytime surface-swarming. We have investigated colour change in Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, during summer and winter in the Lazarev Sea in(More)
Many beetle species use proline and carbohydrates in a varying ratio to power flight. The degree of contribution of either fuel varies widely between species. In contrast, dung beetle species investigated, thus far, do not have any carbohydrate reserves and rely completely on proline to power energy-costly activities such as flight and, probably, walking(More)
A peptide that was previously assumed to occur exclusively in crustaceans is found in the corpora cardiaca of the stinkbug, Nezara viridula. The sequence of the peptide was deduced from the multiple MS(N) electrospray mass data as that of an octapeptide: pGlu-Ile/Leu-Asn-Phe-Ser-Pro-Gly-Trp amide. This peptide with Leu at position 2 is known as crustacean(More)
Separation of an extract of corpora cardiaca from the protea beetle, Trichostetha fascicularis, by single-step RP (reverse-phase)-HPLC and monitoring of tryptophan fluorescence resulted in two distinctive peaks, the material of which mobilized proline and carbohydrates in a bioassay performed using the beetle. Material from one of these peaks was; however,(More)
By using degenerate primers based on known mammalian somatostatin receptors and the recently identified Drosophila allatostatin receptors (AlstR), we have cloned a novel receptor for the neuropeptide, allatostatin, from the cockroach Periplaneta americana. The receptor exhibits about 60% amino acid identity in the transmembrane regions when compared to the(More)
The corpus cardiacum of the twig wilter Holopterna alata contains a factor that elicits increases in the concentration of lipids in the haemolymph of twig wilters and migratory locusts and causes hypertrehalosaemia in American cockroaches. A hyperlipaemic neuropeptide was isolated from corpora cardiaca of H. alata in a single high-performance liquid(More)
The activation of triacylglycerol lipase and the stimulation of proline synthesis in the fat body of the fruit beetle Pachnoda sinuata by the endogenous octapeptide hormone Melme-CC (pQLNYSPDWa), which belongs to the family of insect adipokinetic hormones, were studied, and the correlation of both events investigated. At rest, the activity of(More)