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The limited source of human nail plate for studying drug permeation inspired us to develop a nail plate model made of human hair keratin. The manufacturing process consisted of keratin extraction, dialysis, molding, solvent evaporation, and curing, producing a water-resistant film. The permeability of the film was examined using three markers: sodium(More)
A novel model of infected nail plate for testing the efficacy of topical antifungal formulations has been developed. This model utilized keratin film made of human hair keratin as a nail plate model. Subsequent to infection by Trichophyton rubrum, the common causative agent of onychomycosis, keratin films as infected nail plate models were treated with(More)
Upon topical administration, a high penetration rate of antifungal drug into the infected site is desirable to reduce treatment length and systemic side effects which occur especially after a prolonged peroral administration. Thermogelling formulations composed of poloxamer 407, medium chain triglycerides, isopropyl alcohol, dimethyl isosorbide, and water(More)
Chronic total occlusion of coronary artery disease predominantly present with recurrent angina or myocardial infarction. Long-term survival myocardial function depends on the well-developed collaterals. We report on a 62 year-old man with chronic total occlusion in the left circumfl ex artery treated with percutaneous coronary intervention using retrograde(More)
CONTEXT Approaching of pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries in some aspects inevitably influence formulation of topical pharmaceuticals, urging researchers to introduce novel excipients with proven benefits over traditional ones. In that context, alkyl polyglucosides (APG) emerge as prominent natural-origin emulsifiers with numerous favorable features(More)
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