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Casein kinase II is a multifunctional protein kinase which has been implicated in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. This enzyme is much more abundant in neurons than in any other cell type. The treatment of neuroblastoma cells with an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide which specifically results in the depletion of casein kinase II(More)
Cultures of cerebellar macroneurons were used to study the expression, activity, subcellular localization, and function of cdk5 during neuronal morphogenesis. The results obtained indicate that in non-polarized neurons cdk5 is restricted to the cell body but as soon as polarity is established it becomes highly concentrated at the distal tip of growing axons(More)
The patterns of isoforms and of immunoreactivity of the microtubule-associated protein MAP1B toward a panel of antibodies to phosphorylation-sensitive epitopes are different in distinct rat brain regions and change during development. This suggests the occurrence of a considerable degree of heterogeneity in the phosphorylation state of rat brain MAP1B. It(More)
Rat brain microtubule-associated protein MAP1B has been tested as a substrate for Ser/Thr protein phosphatases (PP). The dephosphorylation reactions were followed by specific antibodies recognizing phosphorylated and phosphorylatable epitopes. One set of phosphorylation sites on MAP1B are referred to as mode I sites, and their phosphorylation is presumably(More)
Actin the main component of the cellular microfilament network, is present in human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) purified virions, as an internal component. This fact and the results of immunoprecipitation studies indicate that during HRSV infection in HEp-2 cells there are interactions between cellular actin and viral components, that can promote a(More)
We have recently described a procedure for the purification of microtubule associated protein 1B (MAP1B) from calf brain [Pedrotti, B., & Islam K. (1995) Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton 30, 301-309], and this study further characterizes the purified protein and its interaction with microtubules. We show that purified MAP1B (1) is thermostable; (2) is mainly(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant melanoma, one of the most aggressive of all skin cancers, is increasing in incidence throughout the world. Surgery remains the cornerstone of curative treatment in earlier stages. Metastatic disease is incurable in most affected people, because melanoma does not respond to most systemic treatments. A number of novel approaches are under(More)
The development and plasticity of axons and dendrites in mammalian neurons may depend on the presence and phosphorylation state of cytoskeletal proteins, including certain microtubule-associated proteins. One of these proteins, microtubule-associated protein 1B, is modified by different protein kinases, which give rise to two major types of phosphorylated(More)
Phosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein MAP1B and the neuronal-specific beta III-tubulin isoform takes place during neurite growth in neuroblastoma cells. Protein kinase CK2 (formerly referred to as casein kinase 2) is possibly involved in beta III-tubulin phosphorylation. As for MAP1B, there are at least two types of phosphorylation; one(More)
OBJECTIVES Severe hemorrhage is a common cause of death despite the recent advances in critical care. Conventional resuscitation fluids are designed to reestablish tissue perfusion, but they fail to prevent lethal inflammatory responses. Our previous studies indicate that ethyl pyruvate (EP) inhibits tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production from macrophages.(More)