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Obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are components of the pathophysiological state known as metabolic syndrome. Adrenergic vasoconstriction is mediated through increases in cytosolic Ca2+ and the myofilaments' sensitivity to Ca2+. In many pathophysiological states, there is an enhanced role for Rho kinase (ROK)-mediated increases in(More)
Individuals with metabolic syndrome exhibit insulin resistance and an attenuated functional vasodilatory response to exercise. We have shown that impaired functional vasodilation in obese Zucker rats (OZRs) is associated with enhanced thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that insulin resistance, hyperglycemia/hyperlipidemia,(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training improves microvascular function in obese Zucker rats, a model of obesity and type II diabetes. Animals were divided into four age-matched groups: lean sedentary (LS), lean exercise (LE), obese sedentary (OS), and obese exercise (OE). The exercise groups were treadmill-exercised from(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus is associated with endothelial dysfunction as evidenced by increased oxidative stress and vascular permeability. Whether impaired glucose control in metabolic syndrome impacts pulmonary vascular permeability is unknown. We hypothesized that in metabolic syndrome, hyperglycemia increases lung vascular permeability(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro superoxide activates pulmonary endothelial TRPM2 channels and increases Kf . We hypothesized that pulmonary capillary Kf is increased in a model of type I diabetes due to elevated vascular superoxide and resultant TRPM2 channel activation. METHODS Type I diabetes was induced in Zucker rats using STZ. Half of the STZ animals were treated(More)
These studies tested the hypothesis that in obese Zucker rats (OZRs), a model of metabolic syndrome, the impaired functional vasodilation is due to increased thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction and/or decreased prostacyclin-induced vasodilation. Spinotrapezius arcade arterioles from 12-wk-old lean (LZR) and OZR were chosen for(More)
Lung capillary filtration coefficient (Kf) and impacts of oxidative stress have not been determined in the setting of severe trauma, especially in obese patients who exhibit increased lung injury. We hypothesized that severe trauma leads to a greater increase in lung Kf in obesity due to exacerbated production of and/or vulnerability to oxidative stress.(More)
Individuals with hyperglycemia exhibit impaired exercise performance and functional vasodilatory response. Based on the importance of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites in functional vasodilation and the increased thromboxane-to-prostacyclin ratio in diabetes, we hypothesized that chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes increases thromboxane-receptor (TP)-mediated(More)
Early hyperglycemia after trauma increases morbidity and mortality. Insulin is widely used to control posttrauma glucose, but this treatment increases the risk of hypoglycemia. We tested a novel method for early posttrauma hyperglycemia control by suppressing hepatic glycogenolysis via β2-adrenoreceptor blockade [ICI-118551 (ICI)]. We have shown that, after(More)
AIMS Hemorrhagic shock leads to a higher risk of mortality and morbidity in obese patients, however the mechanisms for these outcomes are unclear. We hypothesized that following severe hemorrhage, blood pressure control in conscious obese Zucker rats (OZ) is impaired. MAIN METHODS Experiments were performed in conscious lean Zucker rats (LZ) and OZ. Blood(More)