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Obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are components of the pathophysiological state known as metabolic syndrome. Adrenergic vasoconstriction is mediated through increases in cytosolic Ca2+ and the myofilaments' sensitivity to Ca2+. In many pathophysiological states, there is an enhanced role for Rho kinase (ROK)-mediated increases in(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro superoxide activates pulmonary endothelial TRPM2 channels and increases Kf . We hypothesized that pulmonary capillary Kf is increased in a model of type I diabetes due to elevated vascular superoxide and resultant TRPM2 channel activation. METHODS Type I diabetes was induced in Zucker rats using STZ. Half of the STZ animals were treated(More)
Individuals with metabolic syndrome exhibit insulin resistance and an attenuated functional vasodilatory response to exercise. We have shown that impaired functional vasodilation in obese Zucker rats (OZRs) is associated with enhanced thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that insulin resistance, hyperglycemia/hyperlipidemia,(More)
Modifications of 4,4' residues of Biphalin have resulted in greater binding selectivity and biological potency for the mu opioid receptor. A higher partition coefficient across the phospholipid bilayer membrane has been achieved by using a beta-branched unusual amino acids.
A pilot phase I study was conducted with a cyclic heptapeptide analog of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). The lactam-bridged molecule, called Melanotan-II (MT-II), has the structure Ac-Nle4-Asp5-His6-D-Phe7-Arg8-Trp9-Lys10 alpha-MSH4-10-NH2 (MT-II) and has superpotent melanotropic activity in vitro. A single-blind, alternating day (saline(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training improves microvascular function in obese Zucker rats, a model of obesity and type II diabetes. Animals were divided into four age-matched groups: lean sedentary (LS), lean exercise (LE), obese sedentary (OS), and obese exercise (OE). The exercise groups were treadmill-exercised from(More)
Tyrosine1 and phenylalanine4 in dynorphin A (Dyn A) have been reported to be important residues for opioid agonist activity and for potency at kappa receptors. The glycine residues in the 2 and 3 positions of dynorphin A may affect the relative orientation of the aromatic rings in positions 1 and 4, but their flexibility precludes careful analysis. To(More)
These studies tested the hypothesis that in obese Zucker rats (OZRs), a model of metabolic syndrome, the impaired functional vasodilation is due to increased thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction and/or decreased prostacyclin-induced vasodilation. Spinotrapezius arcade arterioles from 12-wk-old lean (LZR) and OZR were chosen for(More)
OBJECTIVE Skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise is impaired in obesity. We tested the hypothesis that the attenuated vasodilation in skeletal muscle arterioles of obese Zucker rats (OZR) is due to altered K(ATP) channel-mediated vasodilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS K(ATP) channel function was determined in isolated skeletal muscle arterioles in(More)