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Effective and accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), as well as its prodromal stage (i.e., mild cognitive impairment (MCI)), has attracted more and more attention recently. So far, multiple biomarkers have been shown to be sensitive to the diagnosis of AD and MCI, i.e., structural MR imaging (MRI) for brain atrophy measurement, functional imaging(More)
Covariance matrix has recently received increasing attention in computer vision by leveraging Riemannian geometry of symmetric positive-definite (SPD) matrices. Originally proposed as a region descriptor, it has now been used as a generic representation in various recognition tasks. However, covariance matrix has shortcomings such as being prone to be(More)
Owning to its clinical accessibility, T1-weighted MRI has been extensively studied for the prediction of mild cog-nitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The tissue volumes of GM, WM and CSF are the most commonly used measures for MCI and AD prediction. We note that disease-induced structural changes may not happen at isolated spots, but in(More)
Scatter-matrix-based class separability is a simple and efficient feature selection criterion in the literature. However, the conventional trace-based formulation does not take feature redundancy into account and is prone to selecting a set of discriminative but mutually redundant features. In this brief, we first theoretically prove that in the context of(More)
In patch-based object recognition, using a compact visual codebook can boost computational efficiency and reduce memory cost. Nevertheless, compared with a large-sized codebook, it also risks the loss of discriminative power. Moreover, creating a compact visual codebook can be very time-consuming, especially when the number of initial visual words is large.(More)
Model selection in kernel linear discriminant analysis (KLDA) refers to the selection of appropriate parameters of a kernel function and the regularizer. By following the principle of maximum information preservation, this paper formulates the model selection problem as a problem of selecting an optimal kernel-induced space in which different classes are(More)
To achieve effective and efficient detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD), many machine learning methods have been introduced into this realm. However, the general case of limited training samples, as well as different feature representations typically makes this problem challenging. In this paper, we propose a novel multiple kernel-learning framework to(More)
Accurate prostate localization is the key to the success of ra-diotherapy. It remains a difficult problem for CT images due to the low image contrast, the prostate motion, and the uncertain presence of rectum gas. In this paper, a learning based framework is proposed to improve the accuracy of prostate detection in CT. It adaptively determines distinctive(More)
Massive flowering of tropical Phalaenopsis orchids is coordinated by the cold-induced release of reproductive bud dormancy. Light and temperature are the two key factors integrated by the dormancy mechanism to both stop and reactivate the meristem development of many other angiosperm species, including fruit trees and ornamental plants. It is well(More)
Hypothesis testing is an important way to detect the statistical difference between two populations. In this paper, we use the Fisher permutation and bootstrap tests to differentiate hippocampal shape between genders. These methods are preferred to traditional hypothesis tests which impose assumptions on the distribution of the samples. An efficient(More)