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Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a key molecule for maintaining water and ion homeostasis in the central nervous system, is expressed in adult neural stem cells (ANSCs) as well as astrocytes. However, little is known about the functions of AQP4 in the ANSCs in vitro. Here we show that AQP4 knockout inhibits the proliferation, survival, migration and neuronal(More)
The enzyme 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-delta 4-Isomerase (3 beta HSD) catalyzes the conversion of delta 5-3 beta-hydroxysteroids to delta 4-3-ketosteroids, an essential step in the biosynthesis of all biologically active steroid hormones. We previously reported the isolation of three distinct mouse cDNAs for 3 beta HSD (3 beta HSD I, II, and(More)
The regulation of the novo synthesis of the microsomal cytochrome P-450 enzyme, P-450(17 alpha), was studied in mouse Leydig cell cultures. Chronic treatment with 0.05 mM 8-Br-cAMP (cAMP) caused a time-dependent increase in 17 alpha-hydroxylase activity and in the amount of P-450(17 alpha), quantitated by immunoblotting. This increase in both activity and(More)
The regulation of mRNA levels for delta 5-3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5----delta 4-isomerase (3 beta HSD), 17 alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase cytochrome P450 (P450(17 alpha] and cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P450 (P450scc) was studied in primary cultures of mouse Leydig cells. Treatment of Leydig cells with 8-bromo-cAMP (cAMP) was(More)
The regulation of cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc) was investigated in MA-10 tumor Leydig cells. We recently demonstrated that the constitutive and cAMP-stimulated expression of P450scc in normal mouse Leydig cells is negatively regulated by glucocorticoids. We now report that glucocorticoids have the opposite effect in MA-10 cells causing a(More)
In normal mouse Leydig cells, steady state levels of mRNA of CYP11A, 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase Δ⁵- >Δ⁴-isomerase (3βHSD), and CYP17 are differentially regulated. There is high basal expression of 3βHSD and CYP11A mRNA, while expression of CYP17 mRNA is absolutely dependent on cAMP stimulation. cAMP is required for maximal expression of all three(More)
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