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Signalling mediated by the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Kit is required for normal development of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). c-Kit activates several signalling pathways, including the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3'-kinase) pathway. The signals required for ICC development and maintenance are not well understood. Studies indicate a role for(More)
A mechanosensitive Na(+) current carried by Na(v)1.5 is present in human intestinal circular smooth muscle and contributes to regulation of intestinal motor function. Expression of this channel in different species is unknown. Our aim was to determine if Na(+) currents and message for the alpha subunit of the Na(+) channel (SCN5A) are found in circular(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a key molecule for maintaining water homeostasis in the central nervous system, is expressed in adult neural stem cells (ANSCs) as well as astrocytes. Neural stem cells give rise to new hippocampal neurons throughout adulthood, and defects in neurogenesis may predispose an individual to depression. Nevertheless, the role of AQP4 in adult(More)
This study examined the distribution of NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity in cat pancreatic ganglia and the electrophysiological effects of nitric oxide (NO) donors, NO and the effect of endogenously released NO. The majority (64%) of pancreatic ganglion neurons stained positive for NADPH-d. Large nerve trunks contained numerous non-varicose NADPH-d(More)
Our previous investigation has demonstrated that the lack of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) expressions in mice is paralleled by sex- and region-specific abnormalities in neurotransmission. In the present study, we examined the effect of AQP4 deficiency on release of neurotransmitters in mouse striatum using in vivo microdialysis after high K(+) stimulus. The results(More)
Neuron activity and insulin release were measured simultaneously from 33 preparations of intrapancreatic canine ganglia and pancreatic parenchyma adjacent to the ganglia. The electrical activity of single neurons of the ganglia was recorded with intracellular microelectrodes, and insulin release from the attached islets was determined with an enzyme-linked(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic inhibitory neurotransmitter in pig jejunum. Intracellular electrical activity was recorded from circular smooth muscle cells. Inhibitory junction potentials (IJPs) evoked by electrical field stimulation were inhibited by tetrodotoxin (1 micromol L(-1)), omega-conotoxin GVIA (0.1(More)
Macrophages have been shown to possess both alpha 2 and beta 2-adrenergic receptors which appear to antagonize each other. The ability of these two kinds of receptors to mediate macrophage secretion was tested, using alpha- and beta-antagonists, idazoxan and propranolol. Both antagonists could inhibit hydrogen peroxide and superoxide secretion, although the(More)
Although there is considerable evidence indicating the existence of important cholinergic neural regulation of pancreatic function, very little is known about the action of acetylcholine on pancreatic ganglion neurons. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of pressure microejection of acetylcholine and muscarine on ganglion cell(More)
In mammalian peripheral sympathetic ganglia GABA acts presynaptically to facilitate cholinergic transmission and postsynaptically to depolarize membrane potential. The GABA effect on parasympathetic pancreatic ganglia is unknown. We aimed to determine the effect of locally applied GABA on cat pancreatic ganglion neurons. Ganglia with attached nerve trunks(More)