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Oranges are an important nutritional source for human health and have immense economic value. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of the draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). The assembled sequence covers 87.3% of the estimated orange genome, which is relatively compact, as 20% is composed of repetitive elements. We predicted 29,445(More)
To demonstrate their applications in biological and medical fields such as in immunoassays, magnetic separation of cells or proteins, drug or gene delivery, and magnetic resonance imaging, the template-free syntheses of water-soluble and surface functionalized magnetic nanomaterials have become essential and are challenging. Herein, we developed a facile(More)
Like other types of plastids, chromoplasts have essential biosynthetic and metabolic activities which may be regulated via post-translational modifications, such as phosphorylation, of their resident proteins. We here report a proteome-wide mapping of in vivo phosphorylation sites in chromoplast-enriched samples prepared from sweet orange [Citrus sinensis(More)
Rosa soulieana has been widely used in traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders. In this study, antioxidant activity-guided fractionation and purification of the methanol extract from the flowers of R. soulieana has led to the isolation of nine phenolic antioxidants, which were identified as catechin (1), tiliroside (2), astragalin (3),(More)
An aptamer-based electrochemiluminescent (ECL-AB) biosensor for ATP detection with high sensitivity and specificity was developed. The biosensor was assembled based on several steps. First, a complementary DNA (cDNA) of the ATP-binding aptamer, which has six complementary bases at both its ends, was hybridized with the aptamer molecule to form a rigid,(More)
Power consumption is an important factor in chip design. The fundamental design decisions drawn during early design space exploration at electronic system level (ESL) have a large impact on the power consumption. This requires to estimate power already at ESL, which is usually not possible using standard ESL component libraries due to missing power models.(More)
In the present work, a highly sensitive and specific fluorescent biosensor for blood glucose monitoring is developed based on hemin-functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and glucose oxidase (GOx) system. The GQDs which are simply prepared by pyrolyzing citric acid exhibit strong fluorescence and good water-solubility. Due to the noncovalent assembly(More)
Chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Xanthium sibiricum led to the isolation of four new xanthanolide-type sesquiterpene lactones, including two xanthanolide dimers, pungiolide D (1) and pungiolide E (2), and two xanthanolide monomers, 8-epi-xanthatin-1α,5α-epoxide (3) and 1β-hydroxyl-5α-chloro-8-epi-xanthatin (4), together with four known(More)
Based on the protecting effect of folate receptor (FR) toward folic acid (FA) modified DNA and the signal amplification of supersandwich DNA structure, we designed an interesting electrochemical biosensor for FR. In the present system, with the increase of FR, protecting more FA bound DNA from hydrolysis by exonuclease I (Exo I), FA bound DNA will hybridize(More)