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Plagiocephaly is a descriptive term that connotes an asymmetrically oblique or twisted head. Such cranial dysmorphology has a number of etiologies, the most common of which are unicoronal synostosis, unilambdoid synostosis, and plagiocephaly without synostosis. Use of the term plagiocephaly in the literature is often ambiguous in that at times it is used(More)
Congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face comprises a subgroup of lipomatous tumors. While rare, it remains a definite clinical entity. Its etiology is unknown. The tumor is congenital in origin and occurs in infancy or early childhood. It is poorly enveloped and characterized by diffuse infiltration of mature adipose tissue over normal muscle fibers,(More)
Mandibular angle resection is an accepted procedure for the correction of square face appearance due to mandibular angle prominence. Long-term follow-up of the changes in volume that occurs in the muscles of mastication and osseous structures has been inadequate in the literature. In this study, 3-dimensional computed tomography data were used to extract(More)
Patients with unicoronal synostosis (UCS) or plagiocephaly without synostosis (PWS) have distinctive skull dysmorphologies. Associated mandibular dymorphologies have been suspected but not quantified. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that discrete mandibular dysmorphology exists in both UCS and PWS. All patients at a tertiary referral center(More)
Computer-assisted planning and simulation of craniofacial surgery has progressed from development, through validation, and into clinical use. CT scans are transferred from the radiology department to a graphics workstation in the surgeon's office or laboratory, where data postprocessing and visualization for anatomic evaluation and surgical simulation are(More)
BACKGROUND Staged auricular reconstruction remains mainstream among the various techniques of microtia reconstruction using autogenous costal cartilage. The initial stage involves fabrication and implantation of the cartilage framework, followed by projection of the reconstructed auricle in the second stage. During the projection stage, the line of incision(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The goal of this study was to understand the changes to the head and neck musculoskeleton and the pharyngeal airway after surgery. We tested the correlation between the changes in the skeleton and pharyngeal airway and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). STUDY DESIGN Prospective, noncontrolled study. METHODS In a pilot study, 12(More)
Facial attractiveness has long been argued upon varied emphases by philosophers, artists, psychologists and biologists. A number of studies empirically investigated how facial attractiveness was influenced by 2D facial characteristics, such as symmetry, averageness and golden ratio. However, few implementations of facial beauty assessment were based on 3D(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, the authors evaluated the long-term results after using anterior segmental osteotomy and distraction osteogenesis for the correction of sagittal maxillary deficiency associated with dental crowding. METHODS Six young adolescents (four boys and two girls) underwent surgery and distraction at a mean age of 11.2 years (range, 10 to(More)
BACKGROUND Lengthening the maxillary dental arch as a treatment approach for patients with maxillary deficiency and dental crowding is seldom reported. The purpose of this study was to assess dental and skeletal changes in the maxilla in the correction of maxillary deficiency associated with a retruded maxillary arch using a surgically assisted rapid(More)