Luma V. Halig

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The current definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer is transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy. However, the current procedure is limited by using 2D biopsy tools to target 3D biopsy locations. This paper presents a new method for automatic segmentation of the prostate in three-dimensional transrectal ultrasound images, by extracting texture features(More)
The proposed macroscopic optical histopathology includes a broad-band light source which is selected to illuminate the tissue glass slide of suspicious pathology, and a hyperspectral camera that captures all wavelength bands from 450 to 950 nm. The system has been trained to classify each histologic slide based on predetermined pathology with light having a(More)
As an emerging technology, hyperspectral imaging (HSI) combines both the chemical specificity of spectroscopy and the spatial resolution of imaging, which may provide a non-invasive tool for cancer detection and diagnosis. Early detection of malignant lesions could improve both survival and quality of life of cancer patients. In this paper, we introduce a(More)
We present a 3D non-rigid registration algorithm for the potential use in combining PET/CT and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images for targeted prostate biopsy. Our registration is a hybrid approach that simultaneously optimizes the similarities from point-based registration and volume matching methods. The 3D registration is obtained by minimizing the(More)
Early detection of malignant lesions could improve both survival and quality of life of cancer patients. Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) has emerged as a powerful tool for noninvasive cancer detection and diagnosis, with the advantage of avoiding tissue biopsy and providing diagnostic signatures without the need of a contrast agent in real time. We developed a(More)
The determination of tumor margins during surgical resection remains a challenging task. A complete removal of malignant tissue and conservation of healthy tissue is important for the preservation of organ function, patient satisfaction, and quality of life. Visual inspection and palpation is not sufficient for discriminating between malignant and normal(More)
An automatic framework is proposed to segment right ventricle on ultrasound images. This method can automatically segment both epicardial and endocardial boundaries from a continuous echocardiography series by combining sparse matrix transform (SMT), a training model, and a localized region based level set. First, the sparse matrix transform extracts main(More)
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is an emerging modality for various medical applications. Its spectroscopic data might be able to be used to noninvasively detect cancer. Quantitative analysis is often necessary in order to differentiate healthy from diseased tissue. We propose the use of an advanced image processing and classification method in order to analyze(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a highly specific anticancer treatment modality for various cancers, particularly for recurrent cancers that no longer respond to conventional anticancer therapies. PDT has been under development for decades, but light-associated toxicity limits its clinical applications. To reduce the toxicity of PDT, we recently developed a(More)
Hyperspectral imaging is an emerging technology for biomedical applications. In this study, an advanced image processing and classification method is proposed to analyze hyperspectral image data for prostate cancer detection. Least squares support vector machines (LS-SVMs) were developed and evaluated for classifying hyperspectral data in order to enhance(More)