Lumír Gvoždík

Learn More
Thermoregulatory behaviour represents an important component of ectotherm non-genetic adaptive capacity that mitigates the impact of ongoing climate change. The buffering role of behavioural thermoregulation has been attributed solely to the ability to maintain near optimal body temperature for sufficiently extended periods under altered thermal conditions.(More)
The maternal manipulation hypothesis states that ectothermic females modify thermal conditions during embryonic development to benefit their offspring (anticipatory maternal effect). However, the recent theory suggests that the ultimate currency of an adaptive maternal effect is female fitness that can be maximized also by decreasing mean fitness of(More)
Conflicts between structural requirements for carrying out different ecologically relevant functions may result in a compromise phenotype that maximizes neither function. Identifying and evaluating functional trade-offs may therefore aid in understanding the evolution of organismal performance. We examined the possibility of an evolutionary trade-off(More)
Seasonal acclimation and thermoregulation represent major components of complex thermal strategies by which ectotherms cope with the heterogeneity of their thermal environment. Some ectotherms possess the acclimatory capacity to shift seasonally their thermoregulatory behavior, but the frequent use of constant acclimation temperatures during experiments and(More)
Many ectotherms possess the ability to behaviourally regulate their body temperatures. Thermoregulatory behaviour is affected by various biotic and abiotic factors, which may cause a substantial bias in the laboratory estimates of preferred body temperatures (T p). We examined thermoregulatory behaviour in alpine newts, Ichthyosaura (formerly Triturus)(More)
The ability to modify phenotypes in response to heterogeneity of the thermal environment represents an important component of an ectotherm’s non-genetic adaptive capacity. Despite considerable attention being dedicated to the study of thermally-induced developmental plasticity, whether or not interspecific interactions shape the plastic response in both a(More)
Many ectotherms effectively reduce their exposure to low or high environmental temperatures using behavioral thermoregulation. In terrestrial ectotherms, thermoregulatory strategies range from accurate thermoregulation to thermoconformity according to the costs and limits of thermoregulation, while in aquatic taxa the quantification of behavioral(More)
A continuing issue in evolutionary thermal biology is the mismatch between preferred body temperatures (T pref) and optimal temperatures (T opt) for whole-animal performance. Using phylogenetic comparative analyses, I examined the hypothesis that a difference in the rates at which T pref and T opt evolve causes the mismatch in a lineage of European newts.(More)
Fig 2 is incorrect. The species category labels on the horizontal axis are inadvertently missing. The authors have provided a corrected version here. open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and(More)
Many ectotherms employ diverse behavioral adjustments to effectively buffer the spatio-temporal variation in environmental temperatures, whereas others remain passive to thermal heterogeneity. Thermoregulatory studies are frequently performed on species living in thermally benign habitats, which complicate understanding of the(More)