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We have evaluated the diagnostic utility of eleven Toxoplasma gondii recombinant antigens (P22 [SAG2], P24 [GRA1], P25, P28 [GRA2], P29 [GRA7], P30 [SAG1], P35, P41 [GRA4], P54 [ROP2], P66 [ROP1], and P68) in immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM recombinant enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (Rec-ELISAs). Following an initial evaluation, six recombinant antigens(More)
Although techniques for the short-term control of end-tidal gases exist, the lack of a satisfactory technique for longer-term control of the end-tidal gases has limited protracted physiological experiments of this nature. We have constructed a chamber in which subjects can be comfortable for many hours while having their end-tidal gas composition monitored(More)
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence recently published a clinical guideline on the management of venous thromboembolic disease and thrombophilia testing. Several stand-out recommendations are made which may be practice changing for many physicians, such as catheter-directed thrombolysis for ilio-femoral deep venous thrombosis, routine(More)
Infanticide has been proposed to be a pathological response to overcrowding or other forms of environmental stress and thus a maladaptive behavior. However, in male house mice this behavior is predictable and is modulated by learning. Committing infanticide can increase a male's reproductive success and in some situations may therefore be an adaptive(More)
Although rare in its idiopathic form, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is not uncommon in association with various associated medical conditions, most notably connective tissue disease (CTD). In particular, it develops in approximately 10% of patients with systemic sclerosis and so these patients are increasingly screened to enable early detection. The(More)
Copyright © 2012 Luke Howard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is important for the differential diagnosis of dyspnoea-fatigue(More)
With significant therapeutic advances in the field of pulmonary arterial hypertension, the need to identify clinically relevant treatment goals that correlate with long-term outcome has emerged as 1 of the most critical tasks. Current goals include achieving modified New York Heart Association functional class I or II, 6-min walk distance >380 m,(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with dysregulated bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR)-II signaling and pulmonary vascular inflammation. We evaluated the effects of dexamethasone on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH in rats for potential reversal of PAH at late time-points. Saline-treated control, MCT-exposed, MCT-exposed and(More)
Patients with suspected pulmonary hypertension (PH) should be evaluated using a multimodality approach to ensure that they receive a correct diagnosis. The series of investigations required includes clinical evaluation, noninvasive imaging techniques and right heart catheterisation (considered to be the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of PH). Current(More)
Iron deficiency is known to be common and detrimental in chronic left heart failure, where parenteral iron treatment has been shown to improve exercise capacity, New York Heart Association functional class and patient wellbeing. There is now increasing interest in the role of iron in the natural history of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Iron(More)