The global community has been for some time debating the linkages between trade and environment. It has come to the conclusion that integrating environmental considerations into the trading system is a prerequisite for sustainable development. Decision-makers at all levels need to fully understand how to do this if they are to develop balanced policies that… (More)
Most investment treaties contain two dispute resolution clauses: one permitting investor-state arbitration for investment disputes and the other permitting state-to-state arbitration for disputes concerning the treaty's interpretation and/or application. Despite this duality, the potential role of state-to-state arbitration , and its proper relationship… (More)
BACKGROUND To date, head-to-head trials comparing the efficacy and safety of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs within the same class, including TNF inhibitors, in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite methotrexate therapy are lacking. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of two different TNF inhibitors and to assess the… (More)
Ray tracing has become commodity in rendering and first ray tracing hardware emerges. Hence, the quest for an API is on. The course reviews current efforts and abstractions, especially the interaction of rasterization and ray tracing, cross platform challenges, realtime constraints, and enabling applications beyond image synthesis.