Luke Jeffrey Janssen

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Excessive airway obstruction is the cause of symptoms and abnormal lung function in asthma. As airway smooth muscle (ASM) is the effecter controlling airway calibre, it is suspected that dysfunction of ASM contributes to the pathophysiology of asthma. However, the precise role of ASM in the series of events leading to asthmatic symptoms is not clear. It is(More)
  • L J Janssen
  • American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and…
  • 2001
Isoprostanes are produced during peroxidation of membrane lipids by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Initially, they were recognized as being valuable markers of oxidative stress, and in the past 10 years, dozens of disease states and experimental conditions with diverse etiologies have been shown to be associated with marked increases in urinary,(More)
Asthma is a disease characterised by reversible contraction of airway smooth muscle. Many signalling pathways are now known to underlie that contraction, almost all of which revolve around Ca(2+) handling. Ca(2+) homeostasis in turn is governed by a wide variety of ionic mechanisms, which are still poorly understood. The present review will briefly(More)
1. In phenylephrine (PHE) (1 micro M)-precontracted superior mesenteric arteries from adult rats, low concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2), 10-100 micro M) caused only contraction, while high concentration of H(2)O(2) (0.3-1 mM) caused a biphasic response: a transient contraction followed by a relaxation response. 2. Endothelium removal did not(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the relative contributions to store-refilling of the two following voltage-regulated calcium ion influx pathways: 1) L-type-Ca(2+) channels; and 2) the reverse-mode of the sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX). Successive acetylcholine-induced contractions, triggered in bovine tracheal smooth muscle strips, were measured(More)
Asthma is characterised by an excessive airway narrowing in response to a variety of stimuli, called airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Previous comparisons between mouse strains have shown that increased velocity of airway narrowing correlates with baseline airway responsiveness. These data prompted the investigation into models of induced AHR to see(More)
Thin-slice videomicroscopy was used to examine the kinetics of constriction in small airways in situ. Balb/C mice inhaled elastase (0-20 IU), and were then left to recover for 14 days before euthanisation and lung removal. Cholinergic responsiveness was assessed in thin lung slices. Magnitude and velocity of narrowing in response to 10(-5) M acetylcholine(More)
AIM We examined the electrophysiological properties of reverse-mode Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) in mouse airway smooth muscle (ASM), assessing its contributions to regulation of [Ca(2+) ], and its expression in acute and chronic airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). METHODS Membrane currents were studied in single murine ASM cells under voltage clamp at -60(More)
1. We examined the effects of several E-ring and F-ring isoprostanes on mechanical activity in pulmonary artery and vein. 2. 8-iso PGE(2) and 8-iso PGF(2 alpha) were powerful spasmogens in human vasculature and in canine pulmonary vein. 8-iso PGE(1) and 8-iso PGF(2 beta) also exhibited moderate spasmogenic activity in canine pulmonary vein; 8-iso PGF(1(More)
Isoprostanes are generated nonenzymatically during free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, and are used clinically and experimentally as markers of oxidative stress. However, their biological effects are poorly understood. We examined the effects of seven different 8-isoprostanes in human and canine airway smooth muscles. In large order airways (carina)(More)