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Excessive airway obstruction is the cause of symptoms and abnormal lung function in asthma. As airway smooth muscle (ASM) is the effecter controlling airway calibre, it is suspected that dysfunction of ASM contributes to the pathophysiology of asthma. However, the precise role of ASM in the series of events leading to asthmatic symptoms is not clear. It is(More)
  • L J Janssen
  • 2001
Isoprostanes are produced during peroxidation of membrane lipids by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Initially, they were recognized as being valuable markers of oxidative stress, and in the past 10 years, dozens of disease states and experimental conditions with diverse etiologies have been shown to be associated with marked increases in urinary,(More)
Accidents occurring on congested urban freeways can have enormous impacts in terms of lost commuter time. This paper presents an appropriate statistical analysis of urban freeway accident frequency and duration and discusses how this analysis can be used to guide management strategies that seek to reduce the traffic-related impacts of accidents. The(More)
1. In phenylephrine (PHE) (1 micro M)-precontracted superior mesenteric arteries from adult rats, low concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2), 10-100 micro M) caused only contraction, while high concentration of H(2)O(2) (0.3-1 mM) caused a biphasic response: a transient contraction followed by a relaxation response. 2. Endothelium removal did not(More)
1. We examined the effects of several E-ring and F-ring isoprostanes on mechanical activity in pulmonary artery and vein. 2. 8-iso PGE(2) and 8-iso PGF(2 alpha) were powerful spasmogens in human vasculature and in canine pulmonary vein. 8-iso PGE(1) and 8-iso PGF(2 beta) also exhibited moderate spasmogenic activity in canine pulmonary vein; 8-iso PGF(1(More)
  • Luke J Janssen
  • 2002
In general, excitation-contraction coupling in muscle is dependent on membrane depolarization and hyperpolarization to regulate the opening of voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels and, thereby, influence intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). Thus Ca(2+) channel blockers and K(+) channel openers are important tools in the arsenals against(More)
We compared the effects of two redox forms of nitric oxide, NO(+) [liberated by S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP)] and NO. [liberated by 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) in the presence of superoxide dismutase], on cytosolic concentration of Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i); single cells) and tone (intact strips) obtained from human main stem bronchi and canine(More)
Asthma is a disease characterised by reversible contraction of airway smooth muscle. Many signalling pathways are now known to underlie that contraction, almost all of which revolve around Ca(2+) handling. Ca(2+) homeostasis in turn is governed by a wide variety of ionic mechanisms, which are still poorly understood. The present review will briefly(More)
The primary complaints from patients with asthma pertain to function of airway smooth muscle (ASM) function including shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Thus, it is imperative to better understand the mechanisms underlying excitation-contraction coupling in ASM. Here, we review the various signaling pathways underlying contraction in ASM, and then(More)
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells express voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, primarily of the L-subtype. These may play a role in excitation-contraction coupling of ASM, although other signaling pathways may also contribute: one of these includes Rho and its downstream effector molecule Rho-associated kinase (ROCK). Although voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx and(More)