Luke Francis Chen

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We sought to determine the burden of nosocomial Clostridium difficile infection in comparison to other healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in community hospitals participating in an infection control network. Our data suggest that C. difficile has replaced MRSA as the most common etiology of HAI in community hospitals in the southeastern United States.
BACKGROUND The clinical and financial outcomes of SSIs directly attributable to MRSA and methicillin-resistance are largely uncharacterized. Previously published data have provided conflicting conclusions. METHODOLOGY We conducted a multi-center matched outcomes study of 659 surgical patients. Patients with SSI due to MRSA were compared with two groups:(More)
Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs) confer resistance to nearly all β-lactams. This broad-spectrum drug resistance mechanism has rapidly spread in the United States and is reportedly increasing elsewhere in the world. Thus, the emergence of KPC resistance is a major threat to global health. This article reviews the epidemiology and provides an(More)
Over the past 10 years, the management of HIV infection has been transformed by an increased number of effective antiretrovirals (ARVs), with more convenient dosing and improved tolerability. Optimal management of HIV infection includes at least three effective ARVs; from at least two different drug classes. Current strategies and drugs can effectively(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of surgical site infection (SSI) on mortality, duration of hospitalization, and hospital cost in older operative patients. DESIGN Retrospective matched-outcomes study. SETTING Eight hospitals, including Duke University Medical Center, and seven community hospitals. PARTICIPANTS Patients aged 65 and older undergoing(More)
OBJECT The relationship between time of year and surgical site infection (SSI) following neurosurgical procedures is poorly understood. Authors of previous reports have demonstrated that rates of SSI following neurosurgical procedures performed during the summer months were higher compared with rates during other seasons. It is unclear, however, if this(More)
UNLABELLED Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. The majority of norovirus outbreaks are caused by genogroup II.4 (GII.4). Novel GII.4 strains emerge every 2 to 4 years and replace older variants as the dominant norovirus. Novel variants emerge through a combination of recombination, genetic drift, and selection(More)
INTRODUCTION Clostridium difficile has become the most important healthcare-associated infection worldwide within the past decade. This is in part due to the emergence of a highly virulent epidemic strain of C. difficile as well as the relative ineffectiveness of current therapies at producing a sustained response. Fidaxomicin is a novel antibiotic that(More)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) remains an important illness despite an effective therapy because it is difficult to diagnose and is capable of producing a fatal outcome. The pathogenesis of RMSF remains, in large part, an enigma. However, recent research has helped shed light on this mystery. Importantly, the diagnosis of RMSF must be considered in all(More)
BACKGROUND Oseltamivir resistance among 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) viruses (pH1N1) is rare. We investigated a cluster of oseltamivir-resistant pH1N1 infections in a hospital ward. METHODS We reviewed patient records and infection control measures and interviewed health care personnel (HCP) and visitors. Oseltamivir-resistant pH1N1 infections were(More)