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Hepatocytes, as well as nonparenchymal cells, secrete proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines that are involved in the pathology of many liver diseases. In particular, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), as well as members of the CXC family of chemokines, including interleukin (IL)-8 in humans and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 in rodents,(More)
Dolphin kidney cells (CDK) were exposed in vitro to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) in the presence or absence of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo(p)dioxin (TCDD), a cytochrome P450-inducing agent, and/or alpha-naphthoflavone (alpha NF), an inhibitor of cytochrome P450 induction. BaP inhibited mitosis in CDK cells in a dose-dependent manner. TCDD, while inhibiting cell(More)
A wide variety of pain relief measures are available to women in labor. This retrospective, descriptive survey design study examined which nonpharmacologic pain-relief techniques laboring women use most often and the effectiveness of the chosen techniques. Of the 10 nonpharmacological strategies rated by the sample (N = 46), breathing techniques,(More)
Inflammatory mediators, including cytokines and chemokines, are associated with the pathology of chronic liver disease. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) in humans and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in rodents, both members of the C-X-C family of chemokines, are particularly potent neutrophil attractants and have been implicated in chronic liver diseases. In(More)
Increasing evidence supports a major role for interleukin-8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil chemoattractant, in the chronic progression of inflammatory lung diseases. The present studies were designed to characterize the molecular events involved in IL-8 induction in pulmonary epithelial cells in response to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). IL-8(More)
Experiments tested the hypothesis that one role of protein in embryo culture media is protection of embryos against potentially embryotoxic substances in the media. Mouse embryos were cultured in modified Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate medium and in modified Tyrode's medium, aliquots of which were supplemented with 4 mg/ml of the protein bovine serum albumin(More)
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