Luke Burkholder

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The enantioselective chemisorption of (S)- and (R)-propylene oxide is measured on a Pd(111) surface chirally modified using (S)- and (R)-2-butanol. Reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopic (RAIRS) data suggest that adsorbed 2-butanol forms 2-butoxide species when heated to approximately 150 K and converts to a ketone with a concomitant loss in chirality(More)
The chemisorptive enantioselectivity of propylene oxide is examined on Pd(111) surfaces templated by chiral 2-methylbutanoate and 2-aminobutanoate species. It has been found previously that chiral propylene oxide is chemisorbed enantiospecifically onto Pd(111) surfaces modified by either (R)- or (S)-2-butoxide. The enantiomeric excess (ee) varied with(More)
The enantioselective chemisorption of R- and S-propylene oxide has been measured either on clean Pd(111) that has been exposed to S-2-butanol at various temperatures to vary the proportion of 2-butanol and 2-butoxide species or by adsorbing S-2-butanol on oxygen-covered Pd(111) to form exclusively 2-butoxide. The results reveal that enantioselective(More)
The surface chemistry of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) is studied on a Cu(111) single crystal and a polished copper foil in ultrahigh vacuum as a basis for understanding its tribological chemistry using a combination of temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).(More)
The reaction pathway of vinyl acetate synthesis is scrutinized by reacting gas-phase ethylene (at an effective pressure of 1 x 10-4 Torr) with eta2-acetate species (with a coverage of 0.31 +/- 0.02 monolayer) on a Pd(111)-O(2x2) model catalyst surface in ultrahigh vacuum. It is found that the 1414 cm-1 infrared feature due to the symmetric OCO stretching(More)
We demonstrate the selective, low-temperature chemistry of ethylene on the strongly undercoordinated sites of Cu(410) by investigating its adsorption by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). After dosing ethylene at approximately 110 K, apart from the(More)
Unmodified racemic sites on heterogeneous chiral catalysts reduce their overall enantioselectivity, but this effect is mitigated in the Orito reaction (methyl pyruvate (MP) hydrogenation to methyl lactate) by an increased hydrogenation reactivity. Here, this effect is explored on a R-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine (NEA)-modified Pd(111) model catalyst where(More)
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