Luke Boulanger

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BACKGROUND Adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) results in the reduction of the number and severity of relapses and delays the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients with lower adherence rates experience more inpatient visits and higher MS-related medical costs. Fingolimod, the first oral DMT approved by the US Food and Drug(More)
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of thromboprophylaxis rates and the quality of anticoagulation control among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) using a large, geographically diverse database of electronic medical records. The study population consisted of 13,709 AF patients treated in US outpatient physician practices. Approximately two-thirds(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the economic burden in direct healthcare utilization and costs for refractory epileptic patients with partial onset seizures (POS) and assess the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment patterns among these patients. METHODS This retrospective database study analyzed administrative claims of commercially-insured patients with POS from(More)
RATIONALE Although the economic burden of COPD has gained attention in recent years, data on the costs of COPD among U.S. Medicare beneficiaries are lacking. METHODS This study used administrative claims and eligibility records from a large U.S. multi-state Medicare managed care database. Study patients were 65+ years of age with paid claims during 2004.(More)
Long-term adherence to statins is poor. We assessed the relationship between cardiovascular (CV) risk and atorvastatin adherence in primary- and secondary-prevention patients, adjusting for healthy-adherer bias by incorporating preventive service use into the model. Medical and pharmacy claims from employee-based plans from 2002 to 2008 were analyzed for(More)
OBJECTIVES Rates of medication adherence over a one-year period were assessed among outpatients with schizophrenia who initiated therapy with conventional or atypical antipsychotic agents. METHODS Data were drawn from paid medical and pharmacy claims for a random sample of 10 percent of all California Medicaid ("Medi-Cal") recipients. Outpatients with(More)
BACKGROUND Warfarin is recommended for prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation who are at moderate or high risk, but requires intensive management to achieve safe and optimal anticoagulation control. Anticoagulation clinics are often used to administer warfarin therapy more effectively. OBJECTIVE To collect data from multiple sites and(More)
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable death. The outpatient medical clinic represents an important venue for delivering evidence-based interventions to large numbers of tobacco users. Extensive evidence supports the effectiveness of brief interventions. In a retrospective database analysis of 11,827 adult patients captured in the 2005(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare opioid utilization and healthcare costs over a 1-year period following the initiation with duloxetine versus other standard of care (SOC) treatments among patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP). METHODS This retrospective cohort study assessed commercially-insured DPNP patients between 18 and 64 years old who(More)
OBJECTIVE This descriptive study assessed the rate and costs of surgical procedures among newly diagnosed endometriosis patients. METHODS Utilizing the Medstat MarketScan database, commercially insured women aged 18-45 with endometriosis newly diagnosed during 2006-2007 were identified. Each endometriosis patient was matched to four women without(More)