Luke A. Prendergast

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BACKGROUND After weight loss, changes in the circulating levels of several peripheral hormones involved in the homeostatic regulation of body weight occur. Whether these changes are transient or persist over time may be important for an understanding of the reasons behind the high rate of weight regain after diet-induced weight loss. METHODS We enrolled(More)
BACKGROUND For many people, maintenance of weight loss is elusive. Whereas high-protein (HP) diets have been found to be superior to high-carbohydrate (HC) diets for weight loss in the short term, their benefits long term are unclear, particularly for weight maintenance. Furthermore, the literature lacks consensus on the long-term effects of an HP diet on(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Diet-induced weight loss is accompanied by compensatory changes, which increase appetite and encourage weight regain. There is some evidence that ketogenic diets suppress appetite. The objective is to examine the effect of ketosis on a number of circulating factors involved in appetite regulation, following diet-induced weight loss. (More)
Problems in language processing have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with some research attributing the problems to overall language skills rather than a diagnosis of ASD. Lexical access was assessed in a looking-while-listening task in three groups of 5- to 7-year-old children; two had high-functioning ASD (HFA), an ASD severe (ASD-S)(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines recommend gradual weight loss for the treatment of obesity, indicative of a widely held opinion that weight lost rapidly is more quickly regained. We aimed to investigate the effect of the rate of weight loss on the rate of regain in obese people. METHODS For this two phase, randomised, non-masked, dietary intervention trial in a(More)
BACKGROUND Whether testosterone treatment has benefits on body composition over and above caloric restriction in men is unknown. We hypothesised that testosterone treatment augments diet-induced loss of fat mass and prevents loss of muscle mass. METHODS We conducted a randomised double-blind, parallel, placebo controlled trial at a tertiary referral(More)
QUESTION Is there a dose-response effect of exercise on inflammation, fatigue and activity in cancer survivors? DESIGN Systematic review with meta-regression analysis of randomised trials. PARTICIPANTS Adults diagnosed with cancer, regardless of specific diagnosis or treatment. INTERVENTION Exercise interventions including aerobic and/or resistance as(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Single-slice abdominal computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed to measure visceral adipose tissue in individuals with obesity and diabetes mellitus can also image skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to validate a method developed in cancer patients using a single abdominal cross-sectional image to(More)
The objective was to compare weight loss and change in body composition in obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus during a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) program. Seventy weight-matched subjects with diabetes or normal fasting glucose (controls) participated in a 24-week VLCD study. Primary end points were changes in anthropometry, body(More)
Standard meta-analytic theory assumes that study outcomes are normally distributed with known variances. However, methods derived from this theory are often applied to effect sizes having skewed distributions with estimated variances. Both shortcomings can be largely overcome by first applying a variance stabilizing transformation. Here we concentrate on(More)