Learn More
Schwann cell myelination depends on Krox-20/Egr2 and other promyelin transcription factors that are activated by axonal signals and control the generation of myelin-forming cells. Myelin-forming cells remain remarkably plastic and can revert to the immature phenotype, a process which is seen in injured nerves and demyelinating neuropathies. We report that(More)
Following damage to peripheral nerves, a remarkable process of clearance and regeneration takes place. Axons downstream of the injury degenerate, while the nerve is remodeled to direct axonal regrowth. Schwann cells are important for this regenerative process. "Sensing" damaged axons, they dedifferentiate to a progenitor-like state, in which they aid nerve(More)
Receptor desensitization provides a potential mechanism for the regulation of adrenocortical adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) responsiveness. Using the mouse adrenocortical Y1 cell line we demonstrate that ACTH effectively desensitizes the cAMP response of its own receptor, the melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R), in these cells with a maximal effect between 30 and 60(More)
Difficulty in expressing the adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) receptor (melanocortin 2 receptor; MC2R) after transfection of various MC2R expression vectors has been experienced by many researchers. Reproducible evidence for expression has been obtained only in the Y6/OS3 corticoadrenal cell lines or in cells expressing endogenous melanocortin receptors. In(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW We review accumulating evidence that nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a more advanced form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), predisposes patients to the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and we summarize recent advances in the elucidation of cancer-promoting pathways in NASH. We highlight the potential role(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients develop neurofibromas, tumors of Schwann cell origin, as a result of loss of the Ras-GAP neurofibromin. In normal nerves, Schwann cells are found tightly associated with axons, while loss of axonal contact is a frequent and important early event in neurofibroma development. However, the molecular basis of this(More)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone can stimulate lipolysis and suppress leptin expression in murine adipocytes. These effects are mediated via the melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2-R), which is expressed when 3T3-L1 cells are induced to undergo adipogenesis. In this study, we have characterized the mc2-r promoter in the murine adipocyte, one of the few extra-adrenal(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation (DNAm) was first linked to cancer over 25 yr ago. Since then, many studies have associated hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes and hypomethylation of oncogenes to the tumorigenic process. However, most of these studies have been limited to the analysis of promoters and CpG islands (CGIs). Recently, new technologies for(More)
Research into the functions and mechanisms of action of the melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) has been severely hampered by difficulties in expressing this gene in heterologous cells. This probably arises because of the need for a cofactor for cell surface expression. Using either the Y1 cell line that expresses endogenous MC2R or the Y6 cell line that(More)