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Managed languages such as Java and C# are being considered for use in hard real-time systems. A hurdle to their widespread adoption is the lack of garbage collection algorithms that offer predictable space-and-time performance in the face of fragmentation. We introduce SCHISM/CMR, a new concurrent and real-time garbage collector that is fragmentation(More)
Real-time Java is quickly emerging as a platform for building safety-critical embedded systems. The real-time variants of Java, including [8, 15], are attractive alternatives to Ada and C since they provide a cleaner, simpler, and safer programming model. Unfortunately, current real-time Java implementations have trouble scaling down to very hard real-time(More)
Event-based programming is an appealing paradigm for developing pervasive systems since events enable the decoupling of interacting components. Unfortunately, many event-based languages and systems have hardwired notions of physical or logical time and space. This limits their adaptability and target deployment environments, as pervasive systems rely on(More)
Managed languages typically use read barriers to interpret forwarding pointers introduced to keep track of copied objects. For example, in a multicore environment with thread-local heaps and a global, shared heap, an object initially allocated on a local heap may be copied to a shared heap if it becomes the source of a store operation whose target location(More)
There has been much recent interest in adding support for real-time capabilities to Android. Proposed architectures for doing so fall into four broad categories, but only two support real-time Android applications. These two proposals include a real-time garbage collector for real-time memory management and a real-time operating system for real-time(More)
Memoization is a well-known optimization technique used to eliminate redundant calls for pure functions. If a call to a function f with argument v yields result r, a subsequent call to f with v can be immediately reduced to r without the need to re-evaluate f's body. Understanding memoization in the presence of concurrency and communication is significantly(More)
While managed languages such as C# and Java have become quite popular in enterprise computing, they are still considered unsuitable for hard real-time systems. In particular, the presence of garbage collection has been a sore point for their acceptance for low-level system programming tasks. Real-time extensions to these languages have the dubious(More)
Transient faults that arise in large-scale software systems can often be repaired by re-executing the code in which they occur. Ascribing a meaningful semantics for safe re-execution in multi-threaded code is not obvious, however. For a thread to correctly rexecute a region of code, it must ensure that all other threads which have witnessed its unwanted(More)
Transactional memory (TM) has recently emerged as an effective tool for extracting fine-grain parallelism from declarative critical sections. In order to make STM systems practical, significant effort has been made to integrate transactions into existing programming languages. Unfortunately, existing approaches fail to provide a simple implementation that(More)