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This review focuses on the influence of oxidized phosphatidylcholines (oxPCs) on the biophysical properties of model membranes and is limited to fluorescence, EPR, and MD studies. OxPCs are divided into two classes: A) hydroxy- or hydroperoxy-dieonyl phospatidylcholines, B) phospatidylcholines with oxidized and truncated chains with either aldehyde or(More)
A time-dependent fluorescence shift method, biomimetic colorimetric assays, and molecular dynamics simulations have been performed in search of explanations why arginine rich peptides with intermediate lengths of about 10 amino acids translocate well through cellular membranes, while analogous lysine rich peptides do not. First, we demonstrate that an(More)
The exocytosis is a process of fusion of secretory vesicles with plasma membrane, which plays a prominent role in many crucial cellular processes, e.g. secretion of neurotransmitters, cytokinesis or yeast budding. Prior to the SNARE-mediated fusion, the initial contact of secretory vesicle with the target membrane is mediated by an evolutionary conserved(More)
Physical properties of oxidized phospholipid (OxPL) membranes consisting of binary mixtures of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and 10 mol % of one of two OxPLs, 1-palmitoyl-2-glutaryl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PGPC) or 1-palmitoyl-2-(5'-oxo-valeroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POVPC), were investigated experimentally and(More)
Fluorescence solvent relaxation experiments are based on the characterization of time-dependent shifts in the fluorescence emission of a chromophore, yielding polarity and viscosity information about the chromophore's immediate environment. A chromophore applied to a phospholipid bilayer at a well-defined location (with respect to the z-axis of the bilayer)(More)
The effect of lipid oxidation on water permeability of phosphatidylcholine membranes was investigated by means of both scattering stopped flow experiments and atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Formation of water pores followed by a significant enhancement of water permeability was observed. The molecules of oxidized phospholipids facilitate pore(More)
Clathrate hydrates (CHs) are inclusion compounds in which "tetrahedrally" bonded H(2)O forms a crystalline host lattice composed of a periodic array of cages. The structure is stabilized by guest particles which occupy the cages and interact with cage walls via van der Waals interactions. A host of atoms or small molecules can act as guests; here the focus(More)
Multicomponent lipid membranes in the liquid phase exhibit dynamic lateral heterogeneities which play an important role in specific cell membrane functions. A GPU-based parallel algorithm for two-dimensional lattice Dynamic Monte Carlo simulations of nanodomain formation in binary lipid membranes was developed and tested. Speedups of up to 50-times over(More)
Charybdotoxin, belonging to the group of so-called scorpion toxins, is a short peptide able to block many voltage-gated potassium channels, such as mKv1.3, with high affinity. We use a reliable homology model based on the high-resolution crystal structure of the 94% sequence identical homologue Kv1.2 for charybdotoxin docking followed by molecular dynamics(More)
Since pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic activities of drugs are often related to their interactions with biomembranes, it is of high interest to establish an approach for the characterization of these interactions at the molecular level. For the present study, beta-blockers (oxprenolol, propranolol, and acebutolol) were selected due to their well(More)