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OBJECTIVE In patients with schizophrenia, impaired hippocampal activation either during encoding or recognition tasks has been observed in a few functional imaging experiments. In this fMRI study, the authors report results of word encoding and recognition in schizophrenia patients and healthy comparison subjects, with a special focus on correcting for(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) plays a major role in regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system; HPA dysregulation represents the most consistent biological pattern of depression. Multiple functional polymorphisms are known for the GR gene, which might influence the development of unipolar depression. Previous studies reported(More)
PURPOSE To compare cortical activation patterns associated with manual motor decision tasks at 1.5- and 3.0-T functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local ethics committee approved this study, and informed written consent was obtained. Ten right-handed healthy volunteers (eight men and two women; mean age, 35 years +/- 7(More)
In this fMRI study, we aimed at identifying the cortical areas engaged in supramodal processing of language comprehension. BOLD changes were recorded in 19 healthy right-handed subjects reading or listening to a story. During the visual control tasks the volunteers attended to a series of continuous letterstrings or a fixation cross, while during the(More)
Understanding the relevant meaning of a word with different meanings (homonym) in a given context requires activation of the neural representations of the relevant meaning and inhibition of the irrelevant meaning. The cognitive demand of such disambiguation is highest when the dominant, yet contextually irrelevant meaning of a polar homonym must be(More)
The basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuits are viewed as segregated parallel feed back loops crucially involved in motor control, cognition, and emotional processing. Their role in planning novel, as compared to overlearned movement patterns is as yet not well defined. We tested for the involvement of the associative striatum (caudate/anterior putamen) in(More)
To examine the biological basis of subjective memory impairment (SMI), defined as the feeling of memory worsening with normal memory performance, we measured the volume of the entorhinal cortex (EC) and the hippocampus in SMI subjects, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls (CO). Compared(More)
FKBP5 is a glucocorticoid receptor-regulating co-chaperone of hsp-90 and, therefore, is suggested to play a role in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical system and the pathophysiology of depression. Previously, three studies identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FKBP5 gene associated with response to(More)
Recently, an association of the Val66Met polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor with hippocampal volume in patients with major depression has been reported. Here, we aimed at replicating this finding in an independent German sample. We included 79 patients with unipolar major depressive episodes and 84 healthy comparison participants. The(More)
BACKGROUND Verbal learning and memory deficits are frequent among patients with schizophrenia and correlate with reduced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumes of the hippocampus in these patients. A crucial question is the extent to which interrelated structural-functional deficits of the hippocampus reflect a vulnerability to schizophrenia, as opposed(More)