Lukas Scheef

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PURPOSE To compare cortical activation patterns associated with manual motor decision tasks at 1.5- and 3.0-T functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local ethics committee approved this study, and informed written consent was obtained. Ten right-handed healthy volunteers (eight men and two women; mean age, 35 years +/- 7(More)
Audio-visual integration in the human brain influences perception and precision of motor tasks. We tested audio-visual integration during height estimation when presenting video clips of counter movement jumps (CMJ), using sparse sampling fMRI at 3T. Employing the technique of "sonification", we created artificial auditory-visual motion events by(More)
FKBP5 is a glucocorticoid receptor-regulating co-chaperone of hsp-90 and, therefore, is suggested to play a role in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical system and the pathophysiology of depression. Previously, three studies identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FKBP5 gene associated with response to(More)
BACKGROUND Verbal learning and memory deficits are frequent among patients with schizophrenia and correlate with reduced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumes of the hippocampus in these patients. A crucial question is the extent to which interrelated structural-functional deficits of the hippocampus reflect a vulnerability to schizophrenia, as opposed(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify biological evidence for Alzheimer disease (AD) in individuals with subjective memory impairment (SMI) and unimpaired cognitive performance and to investigate the longitudinal cognitive course in these subjects. METHOD [¹⁸F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose PET (FDG-PET) and structural MRI were acquired in 31 subjects with SMI and 56 controls.(More)
The basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuits are viewed as segregated parallel feed back loops crucially involved in motor control, cognition, and emotional processing. Their role in planning novel, as compared to overlearned movement patterns is as yet not well defined. We tested for the involvement of the associative striatum (caudate/anterior putamen) in(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) plays a major role in regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system; HPA dysregulation represents the most consistent biological pattern of depression. Multiple functional polymorphisms are known for the GR gene, which might influence the development of unipolar depression. Previous studies reported(More)
Understanding the relevant meaning of a word with different meanings (homonym) in a given context requires activation of the neural representations of the relevant meaning and inhibition of the irrelevant meaning. The cognitive demand of such disambiguation is highest when the dominant, yet contextually irrelevant meaning of a polar homonym must be(More)
In this fMRI study, we aimed at identifying the cortical areas engaged in supramodal processing of language comprehension. BOLD changes were recorded in 19 healthy right-handed subjects reading or listening to a story. During the visual control tasks the volunteers attended to a series of continuous letterstrings or a fixation cross, while during the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Subjective memory impairment (SMI) has been suggested as a manifestation of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) preceding mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In this study, we determined the volumes of the hippocampus, the entorhinal cortex (EC) and the amygdala to provide biological evidence for AD in SMI. METHODS Regional volumetric measures were(More)