Lukas Schafferer

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Soilborne fungal pathogens cause devastating yield losses and are highly persistent and difficult to control. During the infection process, these organisms must cope with limited availability of iron. Here we show that the bZIP protein HapX functions as a key regulator of iron homeostasis and virulence in the vascular wilt fungus Fusarium oxysporum.(More)
Sulphur is an essential element that all pathogens have to absorb from their surroundings in order to grow inside their infected host. Despite its importance, the relevance of sulphur assimilation in fungal virulence is largely unexplored. Here we report a role of the bZIP transcription factor MetR in sulphur assimilation and virulence of the human pathogen(More)
The Tor (target of rapamycin) kinase is one of the major regulatory nodes in eukaryotes. Here, we analyzed the Tor kinase in Aspergillus fumigatus, which is the most important airborne fungal pathogen of humans. Because deletion of the single tor gene was apparently lethal, we generated a conditional lethal tor mutant by replacing the endogenous tor gene by(More)
The hemibiotrophic maize pathogen Colletotrichum graminicola synthesizes one intracellular and three secreted siderophores. eGFP fusions with the key siderophore biosynthesis gene, SID1, encoding l-ornithine-N(5) -monooxygenase, suggested that siderophore biosynthesis is rigorously downregulated specifically during biotrophic development. In order to(More)
The opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus produces siderophores for uptake and storage of iron, which is essential for its virulence. The main precursor of siderophore biosynthesis (SB), ornithine, can be produced from glutamate in the mitochondria or by cytosolic hydrolysis of ornithine-derived arginine. Here, we studied the impact of(More)
Iron is an essential nutrient required for a wide range of cellular processes. The opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus employs low-molecular mass iron-specific chelators, termed siderophores, for uptake, storage and intracellular iron distribution, which play a crucial role in the pathogenicity of this fungus. Siderophore biosynthesis (SB)(More)
Soilborne fungal pathogens are highly persistent and provoke important crop losses. During saprophytic and infectious stages in the soil, these organisms face situations of nutrient limitation and lack of essential elements, such as iron. We investigated the role of the bZIP transcription factor HapX as a central regulator of iron homeostasis and virulence(More)
The key step in high quality microbial matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (microbial MALDI MSI) is the fabrication of a homogeneous matrix coating showing a fine-grained morphology. This application note addresses a novel method to apply solid MALDI matrices onto microbial cultures grown on thin agar media. A suspension of(More)
Manuel S. López-Berges,a,b,1 Javier Capilla,c David Turrà,a,b Lukas Schafferer,d SandraMatthijs,e Christoph Jöchl,d Pierre Cornelis,f Josep Guarro,c Hubertus Haas,d and Antonio Di Pietroa,b,2 a Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain bCampus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario ceiA3, 14071 Córdoba, Spain cUnitat de(More)
Iron is a key trace element important for many biochemical processes and its availability varies with the environment. For human pathogenic fungi iron acquisition can be particularly problematical because host cells sequester free iron as part of the acute-phase response to infection. Fungi rely on high-affinity iron uptake systems, such as reductive iron(More)
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