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In complex orbital defects, typically the eye globe is retruded in a pathological position. This is associated with severe functional and cosmetic post-traumatic conditions. Characteristically, the posterior orbital floor and the medial wall of the bony orbit (=region of interest, ROI) is fractured where adequate reconstruction is crucial for a satisfactory(More)
Inter-individual size and shape (form) variation for the orbital floor and medial wall was assessed and compared with its posterior partition. Reconstruction of the posterior partition is known to be a surgical challenge in complex orbital defect repair when using standard manual implant contouring and positioning techniques. The size variation of both(More)
The complex anatomy of the sacrum makes surgical fracture fixation challenging. We developed statistical models to investigate sacral anatomy with special regard to trans-sacral implant fixation. We used computed tomographies of 20 intact adult pelves to establish 3D statistical models: a surface model of the sacrum and the trans-sacral corridor S1,(More)
Trans-sacral implants can be used alternatively to sacro-iliac screws in the treatment of osteoporosis-associated fragility fractures of the pelvis and the sacrum. We investigated trans-sacral corridor dimensions, the number of individuals amenable to trans-sacral fixation, as well as the osseous boundaries and shape of the S1 corridor. 3D models were(More)
Osteoporosis leads to bone loss and structural deterioration, which increase the risk of fractures. The aim of this study was to characterize the three-dimensional (3D) bone mass distributions of the distal tibia in normal, osteopenic, and osteoporotic conditions. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) of the 33 % of the(More)
UNLABELLED Previous studies have suggested clavicular morphology is highly variable, particularly in the lateral retrocurved section. Current clavicle fracture plating systems require three dimensional intra-operative contouring to achieve adequate fit and necessitate variable soft tissue dissection placing fracture perfusion and muscular attachments at(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) computer-assisted planning requires detailed visualisation of the craniomaxillofacial region and interocclusal relationship. The aim of this study was to establish and evaluate a method to create a 3D model of the craniomaxillofacial region and to adopt intraoral digital scanning to place the lower jaw into a centric relation (CR)(More)
Preformed cranioplasty implants form a new concept of implants to repair relatively large-sized calvarial defects. They could offer an alternative treatment to manually molded cranioplasty, and to flat or patient specific implants, while still achieving a satisfactory clinical result.We report on 3D statistical modeling and analysis performed in 80 clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Anatomical implants enable minimally invasive osteosynthesis (MIO) and represent ideal complements of computer-assisted surgical workflows. This 3D morphometric study analyzes anatomical implant forms (AIF) for acetabular fracture osteosynthesis (AFO). MATERIALS AND METHODS Three-dimensional pelvis models were created from clinical CT data of(More)
A pragmatic method for assessing the accuracy and precision of a given processing pipeline required for converting computed tomography (CT) image data of bones into representative three dimensional (3D) models of bone shapes is proposed. The method is based on coprocessing a control object with known geometry which enables the assessment of the quality of(More)