Lukas K. Tamm

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We have determined the three-dimensional fold of the 19 kDa (177 residues) transmembrane domain of the outer membrane protein A of Escherichia coli in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles in solution using heteronuclear NMR. The structure consists of an eight-stranded beta-barrel connected by tight turns on the periplasmic side and larger mobile loops on(More)
The N-terminal domain of the influenza hemagglutinin (HA) is the only portion of the molecule that inserts deeply into membranes of infected cells to mediate the viral and the host cell membrane fusion. This domain constitutes an autonomous folding unit in the membrane, causes hemolysis of red blood cells and catalyzes lipid exchange between juxtaposed(More)
The mechanism of folding and membrane insertion of integral membrane proteins, including helix bundle and beta-barrel proteins is not well understood. A key question is whether folding and insertion are coupled or separable processes. We have used the beta-barrel outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Escherichia coli as a model to study the kinetics of folding(More)
The mechanism of membrane insertion and folding of a beta-barrel membrane protein has been studied using the outer membrane protein A (OmpA) as an example. OmpA forms an eight-stranded beta-barrel that functions as a structural protein and perhaps as an ion channel in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. OmpA folds spontaneously from a urea-denatured(More)
Beta-barrel membrane proteins occur in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts. The membrane-spanning sequences of beta-barrel membrane proteins are less hydrophobic than those of alpha-helical membrane proteins, which is probably the main reason why completely different folding and membrane assembly pathways have(More)
There is increasing interest in supported membranes as models of biological membranes and as a physiological matrix for studying the structure and function of membrane proteins and receptors. A common problem of protein-lipid bilayers that are directly supported on a hydrophilic substrate is nonphysiological interactions of integral membrane proteins with(More)
The mechanism of insertion and folding of an integral membrane protein has been investigated with the beta-barrel forming outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Escherichia coli. This work describes a new approach to this problem by combining structural information obtained from tryptophan fluorescence quenching at different depths in the lipid bilayer with the(More)
SNAREs mediate membrane fusion in intracellular vesicle traffic and neuronal exocytosis. Reconstitution of membrane fusion in vitro proved that SNAREs constitute the minimal fusion machinery. However, the slow fusion rates observed in these systems are incompatible with those required in neurotransmission. Here we present a single vesicle fusion assay that(More)
Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Escherichia coli is a beta-barrel membrane protein that unfolds in 8 M urea to a random coil. OmpA refolds upon urea dilution in the presence of certain detergents or lipids. To examine the minimal requirements for secondary and tertiary structure formation in beta-barrel membrane proteins, folding of OmpA was studied as a(More)