Lukas G Weigl

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The voltage-dependent Na+ channel of the brain is a good substrate for phosphorylation by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A, or PKA), but the physiological effects of PKA on Na+ channels are poorly documented. We studied modulation by PKA of voltage-dependent Na+ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes injected with RNA coding for the(More)
The 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely used and well tolerated cholesterol-lowering drugs. In rare cases, side effects occur in skeletal muscle, including myositis or even rhabdomyolysis. However, the molecular mechanisms are not well understood that lead to these muscle-specific side effects. Here, we show that(More)
Dihydropyridines (DHPs) are widely used antihypertensive drugs and inhibit excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in vascular smooth muscle and in myocardial cells by antagonizing L-type Ca2+ channels (DHP receptors). However, contradictory reports exist about the interaction of the DHP with the skeletal muscle isoform of the DHP receptor and E-C coupling in(More)
ATP is released at the neuromuscular junction to regulate development and proliferation. The sequential expression of P2X and P2Y receptors has been correlated to these effects in many species and cell lines. We have therefore investigated ATP mediated signalling in differentiated primary human skeletal muscle cells. ATP was capable to trigger Ca2+(More)
The mechanism of modulation of sodium channel alpha-subunits (Type IIA) by a protein kinase C (PKC) activator was studied on single channel level. It was found that: (i) time constants for channel activation were prolonged; (ii) inactivation remained virtually unchanged; (iii) peak sodium inward current was reduced as evidenced by calculation of average(More)
Cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA) is a skin-homing receptor displayed by memory/effector T cells recognizing skin-related allergens. Here we demonstrate that peripheral blood CLA+ CD45RO+ T cells in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are in vivo activated. They spontaneously proliferate and release an IL-13-dominated Th2 cytokine profile and are(More)
Co-expression of cloned sodium channel beta 1-subunit with the rat skeletal muscle-subunit (alpha microI) accelerated the macroscopic current decay, enhanced the current amplitude, shifted the steady state inactivation curve to more negative potentials and decreased the time required for complete recovery from inactivation. Sodium channels expressed from(More)
In allergic inflammations of the skin, activation of CD4+ T cells was demonstrated to play an important role; however, a minor role for CD8+ T cells is implied. In the present study, we compared cutaneous lymphocyte-associated Ag (CLA)-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ subsets, which were isolated from peripheral blood and lesional skin biopsies in atopic dermatitis(More)
1 Recently, we provided evidence for cyclic adenosine 5'-diphosphate-ribose, cADP-ribose, as a second messenger in Jurkat T-lymphocytes upon stimulation of the T-cell receptor/CD3- complex (Guse et al., 1999). cADP-ribose mobilizes Ca2+ from an intracellular Ca2+ store which is sensitive to caffeine and gated by the ryanodine receptor/Ca2+ release channel.(More)
G protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channels (GIRKs) are a family of homo- and hetero-oligomeric K(+) channels composed of different subunits (GIRK1 to 4 in mammals). GIRK4 and GIRK1 are found mainly in the atrium, whereas neuronal cells predominantly express the GIRK1, GIRK2, and GIRK3 isoforms. When activated, GIRK channels slow the firing rate(More)