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BACKGROUND Erythropoietin (EPO) and its receptor play a major role in embryonic brain, are weakly expressed in normal postnatal/adult brain and up-regulated upon metabolic stress. EPO protects neurons from hypoxic/ ischemic injury. The objective of this trial is to study the safety and efficacy of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) for treatment of ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is made according to the typical clinical picture and can be supported by a positive 14-3-3 CSF immunoblot. Promising results for the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of tau-protein measurement in CSF already have been described in a smaller group of patients. Both tests in a larger group of(More)
OBJECTIVES Decreased levels of Abeta1-42 are found in CSF of patients with AD. Because early stages of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and AD share several clinical features, we investigated Abeta1-42 levels in CSF of these groups, inferring that this might give additional help in differentiating patients with CJD from AD patients. METHODS We investigated(More)
As the differential diagnosis of dementias based on established clinical criteria is often difficult, biomarkers for applicablediagnostictestingarecurrentlyunder intensive investigation.Amyloidplaquesdeposited inthebrainof patients suffering fromAlzheimer’s disease,dementiawithLewybodies (DLB)andParkinson’s diseasedementia (PDD) mainly consist of(More)
As the differential diagnosis of dementias based on established clinical criteria is often difficult, biomarkers for applicable diagnostic testing are currently under intensive investigation. Amyloid plaques deposited in the brain of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) mainly(More)
To study the potential diagnostic value of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD), we determined levels of tau phosphorylated at threonine 231 (p-tau231) and of total tau (t-tau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of CJD patients, AD patients, and healthy controls (HC). CJD patients showed(More)
Biochemical markers of brain damage, e.g. ischemic stroke, should reflect the volume of irreversibly damaged brain parenchyma and the clinical outcome in a single patient in order to allow estimation of prognosis at an early stage. Tau protein, which derives predominantly from neurons and axons, is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with(More)
Decreased levels of beta-amyloid peptide 1-42 (Abeta1-42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are a characteristic feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but recently were also observed in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). We analyzed the CSF of patients with CJD, and AD and nondemented controls using a quantitative urea-based Abeta sodium dodecyl sulfate(More)
Measuring proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has gained wide acceptance for the differential diagnosis of dementia. Some groups have already extended these investigations in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by asking how stable these markers are in follow-up analysis, if they depend on the stage of disease and whether they can be used to monitor the progression(More)
So far only the detection of 14-3-3 proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is included in the diagnostic criteria for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). However, this assay cannot be used for screening because of the high rate of false positive results in sCJD, and often negative results in variant CJD. To facilitate the differential diagnosis of(More)