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BACKGROUND Diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is made according to the typical clinical picture and can be supported by a positive 14-3-3 CSF immunoblot. Promising results for the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of tau-protein measurement in CSF already have been described in a smaller group of patients. Both tests in a larger group of(More)
As the differential diagnosis of dementias based on established clinical criteria is often difficult, biomarkers for applicable diagnostic testing are currently under intensive investigation. Amyloid plaques deposited in the brain of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) mainly(More)
To study the potential diagnostic value of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD), we determined levels of tau phosphorylated at threonine 231 (p-tau231) and of total tau (t-tau) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of CJD patients, AD patients, and healthy controls (HC). CJD patients showed(More)
Measuring proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has gained wide acceptance for the differential diagnosis of dementia. Some groups have already extended these investigations in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by asking how stable these markers are in follow-up analysis, if they depend on the stage of disease and whether they can be used to monitor the progression(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin (EPO) and its receptor play a major role in embryonic brain, are weakly expressed in normal postnatal/adult brain and up-regulated upon metabolic stress. EPO protects neurons from hypoxic/ ischemic injury. The objective of this trial is to study the safety and efficacy of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) for treatment of ischemic(More)
OBJECTIVES Decreased levels of Abeta1-42 are found in CSF of patients with AD. Because early stages of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and AD share several clinical features, we investigated Abeta1-42 levels in CSF of these groups, inferring that this might give additional help in differentiating patients with CJD from AD patients. METHODS We investigated(More)
The diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases with dementias requires several different test approaches and often remains uncertain. Using a proteomic approach it was shown in nine patients that heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) might be a biomarker for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The aim of our study was to evaluate whether H-FABP is a biomarker(More)
The intra vitam diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is still based on clinical grounds. So far no technical investigations have been available to support this diagnosis. As for tau protein and beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42), promising results for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been reported; we evaluated these markers and S-100B(More)
Biochemical markers of brain damage, e.g. ischemic stroke, should reflect the volume of irreversibly damaged brain parenchyma and the clinical outcome in a single patient in order to allow estimation of prognosis at an early stage. Tau protein, which derives predominantly from neurons and axons, is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with(More)
We describe a patient who experienced a fatal ipsilateral basal ganglia hemorrhage within an hour after carotid angioplasty and stent placement. In the few similar cases published there were no prodromata, but hyperacute onset of severe neurologic deterioration corresponding to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Our findings suggest that besides the delayed(More)