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Heteroduplex analysis shows that the transferrin receptor gene contains at least 19 distinct coding sequences distributed over 31 kb of genomic DNA. The nucleotide sequence of these coding regions has been determined from a cDNA clone. The sequence contains a single complete open reading frame of 2280 bases which specifies a 760 residue polypeptide with a(More)
The transferrin receptor (TR) mediates cellular iron uptake by bringing about the endocytosis of transferrin. We investigated whether the cytoplasmic domain of 65 N-terminal amino acids or phosphorylated sites within this domain constitute a structure that is required for TR endocytosis. To test this hypothesis, we modified the cytoplasmic serine residues(More)
Proteins that shuttle between nucleus and cytoplasm are implicated in transport and signal transduction processes. Using assays based on interspecies heterokaryons and microinjection of Xenopus oocytes, we examined what structural features determine nuclear export of shuttling proteins. Three classes of proteins were studied: first, wild-type and mutant(More)
Export of mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm was studied in mature Xenopus laevis oocytes. In vitro transcribed, capped 32P-labeled mRNA was microinjected into nuclei, and its appearance in the cytoplasm measured by counting radioactivity or by RNA extraction and gel electrophoresis. Both for a 5.0-kb transferrin receptor mRNA and a 2.0-kb 4F2 antigen(More)
We describe the molecular cloning of the human transferrin receptor gene by a gene transfer approach. Mouse Ltk- cells were cotransformed with the herpes simplex thymidine kinase gene and total human DNA. Transformants expressing human transferrin receptor were isolated by selection on hypoxanthine/aminopterin/thymidine (HAT) medium and(More)
Expression of the human transferrin receptor (hTR) and its mRNA is strongly induced by iron deprivation. By measuring transcription elongation rates, levels of hTR-specific nuclear RNA, and mRNA half-lives, we found this regulation to occur posttranscriptionally in the cytoplasm. Analysis of hTR cDNA mutants with deletions in the 3' untranslated region(More)
Iron regulates human transferrin receptor (hTR) expression by modulating the stability of cytoplasmic hTR mRNA. This regulation requires a distinct secondary structure in the mRNA 3' untranslated region. We identified a specific cytoplasmic factor that binds simultaneously to four homologous palindromes within the regulatory domain. Iron chelator induced(More)
Interleukin-6 mRNA is unstable and degraded with a half-life of 30 min. Instability determinants can entirely be attributed to the 3' untranslated region. By grafting segments of this region to stable green fluorescent protein mRNA and subsequent scanning mutagenesis, we have identified two conserved elements, which together account for most of the(More)
The cytoplasmic domain of transferrin receptor (TR) is essential for endocytosis of this transmembrane protein. We have investigated by electron microscopy the association of wild-type and cytoplasmic deletion mutant human TR with coated pits at the surface of transfected L cell lines. Approximately 15% of wild-type TR was concentrated in coated pits,(More)
UNLABELLED Ferritin plays a central role in iron metabolism by acting both as iron storage and a detoxifying protein. We generated a ferritin H allele with loxP sites and studied the conditional ferritin H deletion in adult mice. Ten days after Mx-Cre induced deletion, ferritin H messenger RNA (mRNA) was below 5% in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow of(More)