Lukas C. Kühn

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As an essential nutrient and a potential toxin, iron poses an exquisite regulatory problem in biology and medicine. At the cellular level, the basic molecular framework for the regulation of iron uptake, storage, and utilization has been defined. Two cytoplasmic RNA-binding proteins, iron-regulatory protein-1 (IRP-1) and IRP-2, respond to changes in(More)
Glycoprotein-associated amino acid transporters (gpaAT) are permease-related proteins that require heterodimerization to express their function. So far, four vertebrate gpaATs have been shown to associate with 4F2hc/CD98 for functional expression, whereas one gpaAT specifically associates with rBAT. In this study, we characterized a novel gpaAT, LAT2, for(More)
Amino acid transport across cellular membranes is mediated by multiple transporters with overlapping specificities. We recently have identified the vertebrate proteins which mediate Na+-independent exchange of large neutral amino acids corresponding to transport system L. This transporter consists of a novel amino acid permease-related protein (LAT1 or(More)
Members of the newly discovered glycoprotein-associated amino acid transporter family (gpaAT-family) share a similar primary structure with >40% identity, a predicted 12-transmembrane segment topology and the requirement for association with a glycoprotein (heavy chain) for functional surface expression. Five of the six identified gpaATs (light chains)(More)
Mutations of the glycoprotein rBAT cause cystinuria type I, an autosomal recessive failure of dibasic amino acid transport (b(0,+) type) across luminal membranes of intestine and kidney cells. Here we identify the permease-like protein b(0,+)AT as the catalytic subunit that associates by a disulfide bond with rBAT to form a hetero-oligomeric b(0,+) amino(More)
Iron regulatory factor (IRF) is a cytoplasmic mRNA-binding protein with specificity for iron-responsive element (IRE) RNA stem-loops. IRF post-transcriptionally regulates intracellular iron levels via binding to IREs in the untranslated regions of ferritin, transferrin receptor, and erythroid 5-aminolevulinic-acid synthase mRNAs. Specific IRE nucleotides(More)
  • J Bertran, S Magagnin, +7 authors H Murer
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1992
A kidney cortex cDNA clone (rBAT) has recently been isolated, which upon in vitro transcription and capping complementary RNA (cRNA) and injection into Xenopus laevis oocytes induces a system b0,(+)-like amino acid transport activity. This cDNA encodes a type II membrane glycoprotein that shows significant homology to another type II membrane glycoprotein,(More)
Iron regulatory proteins (IRPs) 1 and 2 bind with equally high affinity to iron-responsive element (IRE) RNA stem-loops located in mRNA untranslated regions and, thereby, post-transcriptionally regulate several genes of iron metabolism. In this study we define the RNA-binding specificities of mouse IRP-1 and IRP-2. By screening loop mutations of the(More)
The translation of ferritin and erythroid 5-aminolevulinate synthase mRNAs is regulated via a specific high-affinity interaction between an iron-responsive element in the 5' untranslated region of ferritin and erythroid 5-aminolevulinate synthase mRNAs and a 98-kDa cytoplasmic protein, the iron-regulatory factor. Iron-regulatory factor was expressed in(More)
The control of cellular iron homeostasis involves the coordinate post-transcriptional regulation of ferritin mRNA translation and transferring receptor mRNA stability. These regulatory events are mediated by a soluble cytoplasmic protein, iron regulatory factor (IRF), which binds specifically to mRNA hairpin structures, termed iron-responsive elements(More)