Lukáš Lacina

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BACKGROUND Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are important not only to direct the course of prenatal development of skin and its appendages but also to influence the behaviour of transformed epithelial cells. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of the role of stromal fibroblasts on the phenotype of epithelial cells of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). METHODS The(More)
Epithelial–mesenchymal interaction between stromal fibroblasts and cancer cells influences the functional properties of tumor epithelium, including the tumor progression and spread. We compared fibroblasts prepared from stroma of squamous cell carcinoma and normal dermal fibroblasts concerning their biological activity toward normal keratinocytes assessed(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells can participate in the formation of a microenvironment stimulating the aggressive behaviour of cancer cells. Moreover, cells exhibiting pluripotent ESC (embryonic stem cell) markers (Nanog and Oct4) have been observed in many tumours. Here, we investigate the role of cancer-associated fibroblasts in(More)
PURPOSE The microenvironment established by stromal cells may or may not influence phenotypic aspects of epithelial cells and may be relevant for tumor and stem cell biology. We address this issue for keratinocytes using tumor-derived stromal cells in a co-culture system. MATERIALS AND METHODS We isolated stromal cells from human squamous cell carcinoma(More)
Glycans of natural glycoconjugates are considered as a source of biological information relevant to cell adhesion or growth. Sugar-based messages are decoded and translated into responses by endogenous lectins. This mechanism assigns a functional dimension to tumour-associated changes of glycosylation. Consequently, it calls for mapping the lectin presence(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Because the nucleolar protein nucleostemin is present in bone marrow and neuronal stem cells and malignancies originating thereof we monitored its expression in frozen sections from normal human epidermis, basal cell carcinomas, cultured keratinocytes and cells of the squamous carcinoma line FaDu. In addition, probing the value of(More)
The glycophenotyping of mammalian cells with plant lectins maps aspects of the glycomic profile and disease-associated alterations. A salient step toward delineating their functional dimension is the detection of endogenous lectins. They can translate sugar-encoded changes into cellular responses. Among them, the members of the lectin family of galectins(More)
Members of the galectin family of endogenous lectins are potent adhesion/growth-regulatory effectors. Their multifunctionality opens possibilities for their use in bioapplications. We studied whether human galectins induce the conversion of human dermal fibroblasts into myofibroblasts (MFBs) and the production of a bioactive extracellular matrix scaffold is(More)
Nodular melanoma is one of the most life threatening tumors with still poor therapeutic outcome. Similarly to other tumors, permissive microenvironment is essential for melanoma progression. Features of this microenvironment are arising from molecular crosstalk between the melanoma cells (MC) and the surrounding cell populations in the context of skin(More)
It is widely recognized that stromal fibroblasts significantly influence biological properties of multiple tumors including breast cancer. However, these epithelial–mesenchymal interactions seem to be essential in tumor biology and it is not fully clear whether this interaction is tumor type-specific or has a more general non-specific character. To(More)