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Adequate endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO), endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), and prostacyclin (PGI₂) is critical to the maintenance of vascular homeostasis. However, it is not clear whether alterations in each of these vasodilatory pathways contribute to the impaired endothelial function in murine atherosclerosis. In the present(More)
Nicotinamide N-methyltrasferase (NMMT) catalyzes the conversion of nicotinamide (NA) to 1-methylnicotinamide (MNA). Recent studies have reported that exogenous MNA exerts anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory activity, suggesting that endogenous NMMT-derived MNA may play a biological role in the cardiovascular system. In the present study, we assayed(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that cerebral ischemia enhances neurogenesis in the adult brain. The mechanisms responsible for stem-cell development are poorly understood. Recent in vitro studies indicate the involvement of metalloproteinase (MMPs) in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitor cells. To elucidate if MMPs(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteolytic enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix and carry out key functions during brain development. Apart from a physiological role, excessive activation of MMPs in brain tissue has been postulated to represent a pathway for cell death arising from ischemia. To evaluate the possible involvement of(More)
Interleukin 10, a product of T and B cells and monocytes, displays many Th2-like properties through inhibition of Th1 cell functions. Interleukin 10 is thought to play a major role in the immune dysfunction seen in HIV-infected individuals. In this study, we evaluated in detail the production of IL-10 during HIV infection. Although the constitutive(More)
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