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One-third of all Trypanosoma cruzi -infected patients eventually develop chronic Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a particularly lethal inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, where parasites are scarce and heart-infiltrating mononuclear cells seem to be the effectors of tissue damage. Since T. cruzi is a major inducer of interleukin-12 production, the(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) is a T cell-mediated disease that targets the neural retina and serves as a model of human uveitis. Uveitogenic effector T cells have a Th1-like phenotype (high IFN-gamma, low IL-4), and genetic susceptibility to EAU is associated with an elevated Th1 response. Here we investigate whether the ability to produce(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the survival of conjunctival limbal grafts and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) for total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) and the influence of several parameters as cause of LSCD, dry eye, keratinization, eyelid abnormalities, HLA compatibility, systemic immunosuppression, and keratoplasty (PKP) on surgical outcome. DESIGN(More)
Previous studies have shown a high prevalence of toxoplasmosis and the frequent occurrence of ocular disease in Brazil. To identify the genotypes of parasite strains associated with ocular disease, we compared 25 clinical and animal isolates of Toxoplasma gondii from Brazil to previously characterized clonal lineages from North America and Europe.(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular parasite that induces a strong Th1-type response and immunosuppression during the acute phase of infection. To study how the infection with T. cruzi would modulate the development of an autoimmune disease, we immunized C57BL/6 mice and IL-10 or iNOS knock-out mice of the same background with the encephalitogenic MOG(More)
PROBLEM To evaluate CD4(+) CD25(high) Foxp3(+) cells and IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, and TGF-β in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. METHOD OF STUDY A total of ninety-eight patients were studied: endometriosis (n = 70) and control (n = 28). First, peritoneal fluid lymphocytes were isolated, and CD4(+) CD25(high) cells were identified using flow(More)
B10.A mice develop experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis after active immunization with the interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP). CD4+ T cells play an important role in the development of the disease. In this study we have isolated and characterized a CD4+ T cell line and a T cell clone that induce experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis when(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an immunological disorder characterized by defective antibody production, recurrent infections, most notably of the respiratory tract, autoimmune phenomena and cancer. Some CVID patients may also present disturbances of the cellular immune response such as a decrease in the number and proportion of different(More)
This study addresses the question whether susceptibility versus resistance to experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is connected to a Th1-type (interferon-gamma high, interleukin-4 low), versus a Th2-type (IFN-gamma low, IL-4 high) response. Primed lymph node cells of susceptible Lewis rats produced IFN-gamma in response to antigen in culture and(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) class switching in B cells is regulated by stimuli transduced by cytokines and cell-cell contact. Among these stimuli, interleukin (IL)-4 has been considered an absolute prerequisite for class switching to IgE in the mouse. Here we report that IL-4-deficient (IL-4-/-) and wildtype mice had comparably elevated serum IgE levels during the(More)