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BACKGROUND Cushing's disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pasireotide, a potential therapy, has a unique, broad somatostatin-receptor-binding profile, with high binding affinity for somatostatin-receptor subtype 5. METHODS In this double-blind, phase 3 study, we randomly assigned 162 adults with Cushing's disease and a urinary free(More)
Report the efficacy and safety of pasireotide sc in patients with Cushing’s disease during an open-ended, open-label extension to a randomized, double-blind, 12-month, Phase III study. 162 patients entered the core study. 58 patients who had mean UFC ≤ ULN at month 12 or were benefiting clinically from pasireotide entered the extension. Patients received(More)
GH secretion in normal subjects is periodic, with pulses prevailing during sleep. During the day (basal secretion), GH levels are, in general, undetectable. We studied GH secretion by cluster analysis, collecting samples every 20 min for 24 h in 44 subjects: 11 patients with active acromegaly; 16 "cured" acromegalics, and 17 normal subjects. The purpose of(More)
All levels of the growth hormone (GH), GH binding protein (GHBP), insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) axis are influenced by chronic hypercortisolism. Thus, there is a blunted response to GHRH alone or together with other stimuli associated with a marked suppression of endogenous GH secretion but accompanied by normal GHBP,(More)
OBJECTIVE Somatostatin analogues have become the mainstay of the medical treatment of acromegaly. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of octreotide-LAR (OCT-LAR) treatment in acromegalic patients. DESIGN Prospective open trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty acromegalic patients (46 women; 18-80 years) were treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of Nelson's syndrome has varied greatly, at least in part because of the variability of the diagnostic criteria employed by different authors. We define Nelson's syndrome as the presence of an enlarging pituitary tumour associated with elevated fasting plasma ACTH levels and hyperpigmentation in patients with Cushing's disease after(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the plasma levels and action of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in patients with Cushing's disease. There are many reports that patients with Addison's disease have increased AVP levels associated with hyponatraemia and hypoosmolality, but none on the dynamics of secretion of this neurohormone during osmolality-based stimulation in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS) occurs in about 5-10% of all patients with ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism with most of them caused by intrathoracic neoplasms. It may be associated with overt malignancies or with occult and indolent tumors. We assessed the accuracy of dynamic tests, inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) using desmopressin, and(More)
In patients with ACTH-secreting pituitary tumor the peri-tumoral normal corticotrophs were supposed to be suppressed by cronic hypercortisolemia since frequently they develop transient secondary adrenal insufficiency after pituitary tumor resection and during early postoperative days. We evaluated the ACTH dynamics during transsphenoidal surgery in 16(More)
The development of efficacious surgical and medical therapies for pituitary adenomas as well as the improvement of hormone therapy for ovulation induction has made pregnancy possible for women harboring pituitary tumors. However, gestational risks due to the possibility of tumor growth during pregnancy, mainly in women with macroadenomas, raise a concern.(More)