Luiz Pereira Ramos

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Penicillium echinulatum has been identified as a potential cellulase producer for bioconversion processes but its cellulase system has never been investigated in detail. In this work, the volumetric activities of P. echinulatum cellulases were determined against filter paper (0.27 U/mL), carboxymethylcellulose (1.53 U/mL), hydroxyethylcellulose (4.68 U/mL),(More)
The National Alcohol Program--PróAlcool, created by the government of Brazil in 1975 resulted less dependency on fossil fuels. The addition of 25% ethanol to gasoline reduced the import of 550 million barrels oil and also reduced the emission CO(2) by 110 million tons. Today, 44% of the Brazilian energy matrix is renewable and 13.5% is derived from(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa DAUPE 614 produced rhamnolipids (3.9gL(-1)) when cultivated on a medium containing glycerol and ammonium nitrate. These rhamnolipids reduced the surface tension of water to 27.3mNm(-1), with a critical micelle concentration of 13.9mgL(-1). The maximum emulsification index against toluene was 86.4%. The structure of the carbohydrate(More)
Raphanus sativus (L. Var) is a perennial plant of the Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae) family whose oil has not been investigated in detail for biodiesel production, particularly when ethanol is used as the alcoholysis agent. In this work, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimum condition for the ethanolysis of R. sativus crude oil.(More)
Valéria M. G. Lima1,2, Nadia Krieger1*, Maria Inez M. Sarquis3, David A. Mitchell4, Luiz P. Ramos1 and José D. Fontana2 Applied Chemistry Research Centre (CEPESQ), Chemistry Department, Federal University of Parana (UFPR), PO Box 19081, Centro Politécnico, Jardim das Américas, Curitiba 81531-990, Parana, Brazil 2 Biomass Chemo/Biotechnology Laboratory(More)
Two fractions of sugarcane, namely bagasse and straw (or trash), were characterized in relation to their chemical composition. Bagasse presented values of glucans, hemicelluloses, lignin and ash of 37.74, 27.23, 20.57 and 6.53%, respectively, while straw had 33.77, 27.38, 21.28 and 6.23% of these same components. Ash content was relatively high in both cane(More)
Brazil is the largest producer of bioethanol, and sugarcane is the main raw material. Bioethanol is produced by both batch and continuous processes, and in some cases, flocculating yeast is used. This article analyzes the Brazilian Ethanol Program. For the 1996-1997 harvest, Brazil produced 14.16 billion L of ethanol and 13.8 million metric t of sugar, from(More)
Crop residues, such as sugar cane bagasse (SCB), have been largely used for cattle feeding. However, the close association that exists among the three major plant cell-wall components, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, limits the efficiency by which ruminants can degrade these materials. Previously, we have shown that pretreatment with 3% (w/w)(More)
In this work, an analytical procedure was developed to monitor the ethanolysis of degummed soybean oil (DSO) using Fourier-transformed mid-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and methods of multivariate analysis such as principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares regression (PLS). The triglycerides (reagents) and ethyl esters (products) involved(More)
Different anionic blue and orange dyes have been immobilized on a zinc hydroxide nitrate (Zn(5)(OH)(8)(NO(3))(2)nH(2)O--Zn-OH-NO(3)) by anion exchange with interlayer and/or outer surface nitrate ions of the layered matrix. Orange G (OG) was totally intercalated, orange II (OII) was partially intercalated, while Niagara blue 3B (NB) and Evans blue (EV) were(More)