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INTRODUCTION Previous studies have shown an increased expression of natural killer (NK) cells in the peripheral blood of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). NK cells are part of innate immunity, recognizing infected cells through killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR), which show marked polymorphism. A novel model has been proposed predicting the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether genetic differences explain the lower risk of developing insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) for Hispanic versus non-Hispanic white children in Colorado. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Hispanic (n = 62) and non-Hispanic white (n = 82) subjects with IDDM identified from the Colorado IDDM Registry and healthy, nondiabetic(More)
Using a case-control study design, we examined the hypothesis that early exposure to cow's milk and solid foods increased the risk of IDDM. An infant diet history was collected from 164 IDDM subjects from the Colorado IDDM Registry with a mean birth year of 1973, and 145 nondiabetic population control subjects who were frequency matched to diabetic subjects(More)
A previous study has suggested that the combination KIR2DS2(+)/KIR2DL2(-) was related to increased risk for systemic sclerosis (SSc), while others have failed to reproduce this finding. Our objective was to study this matter further and test the association of other KIR genes with SSc. One hundred and ten SSc patients and 115 healthy bone marrow donors were(More)
Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) regulate the activity of natural killer and T cells through an interaction with specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules on target cells. Diversity in KIR gene content, KIR allelic and haplotype polymorphism has been observed between different ethnic groups. However, most population studies on KIR(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a multifactorial and chronic autoimmune disease caused by the deficiency of insulin synthesis and or by its secretion or action defects. Genetic and environmental factors are known to be involved in its pathogenesis. The human leukocyte antigen complex (human leukocyte antigen (HLA)) constitutes the most relevant region(More)
Breast cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death among women, with a 0.5% increase in incidence per year. Natural killer cells (NK) are part of the innate immune system recognizing class I HLA molecules on target cells through their membrane receptors, called killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). The aim of our study was to evaluate the(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel, of unknown origin. Exposure to specific environmental factors by genetically susceptible individuals, leading to an inadequate response of the immune system, is one of the potential explanations for the occurrence of these diseases. Natural killer cells are part(More)
We developed two multiplex systems for the coamplification of X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs). X-Multiplex 1 consisted of DXS6807, DXS6800, DXS7424, DXS101, GATA172D05 and HPRTB and X-Multiplex 2 consisted of DXS8378, DXS9898, DXS6801, DXS6809, DXS6789, DXS7133, DXS8377 and DXS7423. In addition, we present allele frequencies for these loci in a(More)