Luiz Carlos de Lima Silveira

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The contrast sensitivity function of the rat was assessed by investigating the relationship between the amplitude of visually evoked cortical potentials (VECP) and the spatial frequency and contrast of grating stimuli. Pattern reversal VECPs were recorded in Area 17 in the region of representation of the central binocular visual field. Transient responses(More)
We measured visual performance in achromatic and chromatic spatial tasks of mercury-exposed subjects and compared the results with norms obtained from healthy individuals of similar age. Data were obtained for a group of 28 mercury-exposed subjects, comprising 20 Amazonian gold miners, 2 inhabitants of Amazonian riverside communities, and 6 laboratory(More)
The responses of lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) cells in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) to drifting luminance or cone isolating gratings of different spatial frequencies and contrasts were measured. The response noise, defined as the variability of the responses to single sweeps in the complex plane, was independent of stimulus contrast and(More)
The projection from the retina to the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus in the primate arises from two morphologically distinct types of ganglion cells. The P-ganglion cells project to the parvocellular layers, the M-ganglion cells to the magnocellular layers. We have developed a neurofibrillar stain which stains the M-ganglion cell population with a high(More)
In the primate retina there are distinct ganglion cell classes, exhibiting particular morphologies and central projections, each responsible for conveying particular types of visual information to the brain. The chief retinal inputs to the cortex arise from specific ganglion cell classes, M-ganglion cells, responsible for carrying the luminance signal, and(More)
1. The genetic basis of colour vision in New-World primates differs from that in humans and other Old-World primates. Most New-World primate species show a polymorphism; all males are dichromats and most females trichromats. 2. In the retina of Old-World primates such as the macaque, the physiological correlates of trichromacy are well established.(More)
Neural systems are necessarily the adaptive products of natural selection, but a neural system, dedicated to any particular function in a complex brain, may be composed of components that covary with functionally unrelated systems, owing to constraints beyond immediate functional requirements. Some studies support a modular or mosaic organization of the(More)
The distribution of ganglion cells and displaced amacrine cells was determined in whole-mounted Aotus retinae. In contrast to diurnal simians, Aotus has only a rudimentary fovea. Ganglion cell density decreases towards the periphery at approximately the same rate along all meridians, but is 1.2-1.8 times higher in the nasal periphery when compared to(More)
The distribution of ganglion cells was determined in whole-mounted Cebus monkey retinae. Ganglion cell density along the horizontal meridian was asymmetric, being 1.2-4.3 higher in the nasal retinal region when compared to temporal retina at the same eccentricities. The total number of ganglion cells varied from 1.34 to 1.4 million. Ganglion cell density(More)