Luiz Augusto de Castro e Paula

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Ceramide is a second messenger induced by various cellular insults that plays a regulatory role in apoptosis. The objective of the present study was to determine whether ceramide signaling can occur in the preimplantation embryo by testing (1) effects of ceramide on development, cytokinesis, and apoptosis and (2) whether heat shock, which can induce(More)
The occurrence of apoptosis in a fraction of blastomeres in the preimplantation embryo is well known but the consequences of this phenomenon for the developmental potential of the blastocyst has not been well established. Here we demonstrate that blastocysts with low amounts of activated group II caspase activity have increased potential for development to(More)
Administration of recombinant bovine somatotropin (bST) to lactating dairy cows during heat stress increases milk yield, but it also can increase body temperature and may therefore compromise fertility. However, it is possible that bST treatment could increase fertility during heat stress because it has been reported to increase fertility in lactating cows.(More)
Pregnancy rates following transfer of an in vitro-produced (IVP) embryo are often lower than those obtained following transfer of an embryo produced by superovulation. The purpose of the current pair of experiments was to examine two strategies for increasing pregnancy rates in heat stressed, dairy recipients receiving an IVP embryo. One method was to(More)
Cows fed high-protein diets may have impaired reproductive performance. Although the pathogenesis has not been completely elucidated, it appears that not only the uterus, but also the follicle and oocyte, are affected by excessive plasma urea nitrogen (PUN) concentrations. Thus, the objective was to determine the effects of short-term urea feeding on the(More)
Maternal heat stress reduces oocyte competence for fertilization and post-fertilization development, but the mechanism is unknown. The present experiment investigated two potential mechanisms: (1) reduced oxygen delivery to the preovulatory follicle (due to increased thermoregulatory vascular perfusion of skin and respiratory tract); (2) reduced follicular(More)
The mechanism by which heat shock disrupts development of the two-cell bovine embryo was examined. The reduction in the proportion of embryos that became blastocysts caused by heat shock was not exacerbated when embryos were cultured in air (20.95% O(2)) as compared with 5% O(2). In addition, heat shock did not reduce embryonic content of glutathione, cause(More)
Exposure of oocytes to elevated temperature (i.e. heat shock) during maturation can reduce fertilization rate and development of the resultant embryos. Given the possible role of free radicals in actions of heat shock on cellular function, we tested the hypothesis that a high oxygen environment exacerbates the magnitude of deleterious effects of heat shock(More)
Preimplantation embryos exposed to elevated temperatures have reduced developmental competence. The involvement of reactive oxygen species in these effects has been controversial. Here we tested hypotheses that (1) heat shock effects on development and apoptosis would be greater when embryos were cultured in a high oxygen environment (air; oxygen(More)
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