Luiz Antônio Machado César

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OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the relative efficacies of three possible therapeutic strategies for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), stable angina, and preserved ventricular function. BACKGROUND Despite routine use of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), there is no conclusive(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is a safe, routine procedure. Nevertheless, significant morbidity remains, mostly because of the body's response to the nonphysiological nature of cardiopulmonary bypass. Few data are available on the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) on cardiac events(More)
A polymorphism of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa has been associated with myocardial infarction and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. The influence on outcome and the interaction of the Pl(A1) genotype with classic risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) were characterized in patients with chronic CAD followed prospectively for 3 years.(More)
CONTEXT Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training was introduced to bring order and a systematic approach to the treatment of cardiac arrest by professional responders. In spite of the wide dissemination of ACLS training, it has been difficult to demonstrate improved outcome following such training. OBJECTIVE To determine the value of formal ACLS(More)
BACKGROUND Prior comparisons of costs following CABG and PTCA have demonstrated higher initial costs after CABG but following PTCA, recurrent symptoms and repeat revascularization result in increased late costs and over time their costs equilibrate. The MASS II trial provides an opportunity to compare the costs of CABG and PTCA in addition to a strategy of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the predictive power of clinical judgment in the incidence of cardiovascular end points in a group of individuals with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) followed up in the MASS II (Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study II). BACKGROUND There is still no consensus on the best treatment for patients with stable(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplant candidates are at an increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), a strong predictor of cardiovascular events [major adverse coronary events (MACE)]. Coronary angiography is a costly, risky, invasive procedure. We sought to determine clinical predictors of significant CAD (stenosis > or =70%) in high-risk renal transplant(More)
INTRODUCTION A large body of evidence links plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations and cardiovascular disease. A common MTHFR polymorphism (C677T) leads to a variant with reduced activity and associated with increased Hcy levels. Coronary surgery precipitates a significant and sustained increase in the blood concentrations of Hcy and elevated levels of(More)
We compared the effects of medium light roast (MLR) and medium roast (MR) paper-filtered coffee on antioxidant capacity and lipid peroxidation in healthy volunteers. In a randomized crossover study, 20 volunteers consumed 482 ± 61 ml/day of MLR or MR for four weeks. Plasma total antioxidant status (TAS), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), oxidized(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the results of a noninvasive therapeutic strategy on the long-term occurrence of cardiac events and death in a registry of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS We analyzed 519 patients with CKD (56+/-9 years, 67% men, 67% whites) on maintenance hemodialysis with clinical or(More)