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CONTEXT Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training was introduced to bring order and a systematic approach to the treatment of cardiac arrest by professional responders. In spite of the wide dissemination of ACLS training, it has been difficult to demonstrate improved outcome following such training. OBJECTIVE To determine the value of formal ACLS(More)
We describe the use of autologous bone marrow cells combined with transmyocardial laser revascularization in a 74-year-old man with refractory angina. Baseline cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed a markedly depressed left ventricle systolic function and an extensive area of myocardial ischemia. During surgery, 11 laser shots using a CO2 Heart Laser(More)
We report that the use of transmyocardial laser revascularization combined with intramyocardial injection is a therapeutic option for patients with severe ischemic heart disease (IHD) not amenable to conventional myocardial revascularization. Recently, cell therapy with autologous bone marrow cells (BMC) has been tested in clinical trials for severe IHD. We(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that TMLR combined with intramyocardial injection of BMC is safe, and may help increase the functional capacity of patient with refractory angina. METHODS Nine patients (eight men), 65+/-5 years old, with refractory angina for multivessel disease and previous myocardial revascularization procedures (CABG/PCI), not(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association of atherogenic and thrombogenic markers and lymphotoxin-alfa gene mutations with the risk of premature coronary disease. METHODS This cross-sectional, case-control, age-adjusted study was conducted in 336 patients with premature coronary disease (<50 years old) and 189 healthy controls. The control subjects had normal(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the relative efficacies of three possible therapeutic strategies for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD), stable angina, and preserved ventricular function. BACKGROUND Despite routine use of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), there is no conclusive(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplant candidates are at an increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), a strong predictor of cardiovascular events [major adverse coronary events (MACE)]. Coronary angiography is a costly, risky, invasive procedure. We sought to determine clinical predictors of significant CAD (stenosis > or =70%) in high-risk renal transplant(More)
OBJECTIVES Since waiting lists for coronary artery bypass graft surgery are common and carry a risk of severe events, the purposes of this study were: (1) to analyse the incidence and temporal distribution of cardiac complications during waiting for elective coronary artery bypass grafting; (2) to identify predictive factors of such complications. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Waiting lists for coronary bypass grafting are of major concern in several countries and prioritisation systems to the surgery have been proposed. The aim of this study was to verify the adequacy of Ontario score in predicting cardiac events during the waiting for elective coronary bypass grafting. METHODS A composite end-point (sudden or(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is a safe, routine procedure. Nevertheless, significant morbidity remains, mostly because of the body's response to the nonphysiological nature of cardiopulmonary bypass. Few data are available on the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) on cardiac events(More)