Luiz Antônio Carneiro da Silva

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Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) has a key role in the regulation of hepatic lipogenesis by dietary factors. We have investigated the effects of dietary carbohydrate and fat on hepatic PDC. Sucrose-based or starch-based diets were administered for 15 days. A positive correlation between PDC activity and the lipogenic potential of the diet was found. A(More)
The effects of central administration of opioid antagonists on the aversive responses elicited by electrical (at the freezing and escape thresholds) or chemical stimulation (crossings, rearings, turnings and jumps, induced by microinjections of bicuculline) of the midbrain tectum were determined. Central microinjections of naloxone and naltrexone in the(More)
Deep layers of the superior colliculus, the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter and the inferior colliculus are midbrain structures involved in the generation of defensive behavior and fear-induced anti-nociception. Local injections of the GABA(A) antagonist bicuculline into these structures have been used to produce this defense reaction. Serotonin is(More)
Deep layers of the superior colliculus (DLSC), the dorsal and ventral periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), and inferior colliculus (IC) are midbrain structures involved in the generation of defensive behavior. beta-Endorphin and Leu-enkephalin are some neurotransmitters that may modulate such behavior in mammals. Light microscopy immunocytochemistry with(More)
1. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) activity was measured in several tissues of rats fed for 7 or 15 days on control, or high-sucrose or high-fat diets. 2. Total activity in adipose tissue increased in the three groups 3-4 fold as compared with chow-fed animals in the first week. Total activity was 60% lower in rats fed the diet containing 22% corn oil(More)
BACKGROUND Alveolar macrophages (AM) may participate in brochopulmonary hyper-reactivity by secreting cytokines that recruit mature eosinophils, or induce eosinophil production from recruited circulating progenitors. OBJECTIVE To define whether AM products can contribute to lung eosinophil production in immunized guinea pigs (GP), by analysing the effect(More)
The central control of the micturition is dependent on cortical areas and other ascending and descending pathways in the brain stem. The descendent pathways from the pons to the urinary bladder (UB) can be direct or indirect through medullary neurons (MN). Chemical stimulation with l-glutamate of MN known for their involvement in cardiovascular regulation(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Spinal hematomas are rare and they affect the central nervous system. They can cause permanent neurologic sequelae and death if they are not treated properly. Early diagnosis and treatment are fundamental for a good neurologic prognostic. The objective of this report was to emphasize for anesthesiologists the importance of early(More)
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