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Six species of Loricariidae belonging to the subfamilies Hypostominae (Hypostomus emarginatus, Rhinelepsis aspera, Pogonopoma wertheimeri), Ancistrinae (Panaque cf. nigrolineatus, Hemiancistrus sp.) and Loricariinae (Sturisoma cf. nigrirostrum) were studied cytogenetically. The results show that 2n = 54 represents the basal diploid number for this fish(More)
The fish, Erythrinus erythrinus, shows an interpopulation diversity, with four karyomorphs differing by chromosomal number, chromosomal morphology and heteromorphic sex chromosomes. Karyomorph A has a diploid number of 2n = 54 and does not have differentiated sex chromosomes. Karyomorph D has 2n = 52 chromosomes in females and 2n = 51 in males, and it is(More)
Hoplias malabaricus, a widely distributed neotropical freshwater fish, shows a conspicuous karyotypic diversification. An overview of this diversity is presented here comprising several Brazilian populations, and some others from Argentina, Uruguay and Surinam. Seven general cytotypes are clearly identified on the basis of their diploid number (2n=39 to(More)
The neotropical fish, Hoplias malabaricus, is well known for its population-specific karyotypic diversity and the variation of its sex chromosomes. Seven karyomorphs (A to G) have been previously described with an XY, X(1)X(2)Y and XY(1)Y(2) sex chromosome system found in karyomorphs B, D and G, respectively. We compared the chromosomal characteristics of(More)
Four species/populations of Triportheus, T. guentheri, T. cf. elongatus and T. paranense from different Brazilian hydrographic basins, were studied cytogenetically. All the species showed a similar karyotypic macrostructure, with a diploid chromosome number 2n = 52 and a ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system. Besides silver- and fluorochrome-staining, the chromosome(More)
Six populations of the fish Prochilodus lineatus were analysed for B chromosome frequency. A study of spermatogenesis revealed the absence of B accumulation during the stages analysed. In one of the populations, from the Mogi-Guaçu river where samples have been analysed over a ten-year period, B chromosome frequency doubled between 1979–80 and 1987–89,(More)
Astyanax scabripinnis specimens from four distinct populations in Brazil were studied with respect to their karyotype macrostructure, nucleolar organizer regions, and 18S and 5S rRNA genes. The four populations showed a 2n = 50 chromosomes (3 M + 11 SM + 5 ST + 6 A pairs) and 1–2 B chromosomes. No chromosomal differentiations were observed between sexes.(More)
Seventeen specimens of Triportheus guentheri, a fish of the family Characidae, were submitted to chromosomal analysis, with a highly differentiated heteromorphic ZW pair being detected. Chromosome W is much smaller than chromosome Z and mostly heterochromatic. Chromosome Z is the largest in the karyotype, with heterochromatin occurring in the telomeric and(More)
Astyanax fasciatus may be characterized as a chromosomally diversified 'species' presenting distinct cytotypes, each with its specific variants. The sympatric and syntopic occurrence of different cytotypes reinforces the hypothesis in which A. fasciatus may represent a group of species currently placed under a single common designation. Specimens from three(More)
Hoplias malabaricus, a widely distributed neotropical fish (Central America to Argentina), may represent a group of distinct species showing diversified cytotypes with respect to chromosome number, morphology and sex systems. One of these karyotypic forms is characterized by an X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y sex chromosome system, with 2n= 40 and 39 chromosomes in females(More)