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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a 33 kDa serine protease which is produced by many different tissues in the body and has been shown to be present in low concentrations in breast milk and in about 30% of breast cancers. The presence of PSA in breast cancers is associated with the presence of steroid-hormone receptors and may be a favourable prognostic(More)
Women with breast cysts lined by apocrine epithelium (intracystic Na/K < 3) may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than those whose breast cysts are lined by "flattened" epithelium (intracystic Na/K < 3). In this study, the concentrations of the cytokines, oncostatin M (OSM), interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8)(More)
We examined the effects of alpha-thrombin on the adherence of neutrophils to endothelial cell monolayers. Endothelial cells derived from the ovine pulmonary artery and ovine neutrophils were used. Thrombin (10(-8) M) resulted in a time-dependent increase in neutrophil adherence to the endothelium. The response was concentration-dependent with a maximal(More)
The measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA, is important for monitoring and evaluating the efficacy of anti-viral agents in the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B. Three different hybridization assays for quantitative measurement of HBV DNA: direct membrane (dot-blot) hybridization, liquid hybridization (Abbott HBV DNA assay) and branched(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is secreted as a large latent precursor from both normal and transformed cells which needs to be activated for biological activity. The active TGFbeta binds either directly to TbetaR-II or indirectly by binding to beta-glycan which then presents the TGFbeta to TbetaR-II. Formation of the TGFbeta-TbetaR-II complex(More)
Infusions of isotopically labeled [3H] androstenedione with measurement of [3H] estrone in normal breast and breast tumor tissue have been carried out in an attempt to determine the contribution that aromatization makes to the estrogen content of breast tissues. After infusion of [3H] androstenedione for 12h there was significant uptake of this steroid by(More)
The detection and diagnosis of pheochromocytoma are highly dependent on the biochemical confirmation of excessive catecholamine release by the tumor. As the reliability of baseline plasma catecholamines in the detection of pheochromocytoma is questionable, assessment of the excretion rates of catecholamines or metabolites in 24-h urine collections remains(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional regulator of cellular growth and differentiation in many cell types and has a growth inhibitory effect on mammary epithelial cells. The TGF-beta 2 isoform has been shown to be present in high concentrations in breast cyst fluid and might have a protective role in breast cancer. In addition,(More)
A tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase was isolated from a huma spleen infiltrated with reticulum cells of leukemic reticuloendotheliosis. The purified enzyme was used to establish the optimal conditions for quantitative analysis of this enzyme by electrophoresis on acrylamide gel. As little as 0.1 unit of enzyme activity (or 1 ng of the purified enzyme(More)
An isotopic infusion technique has been used in an attempt to determine the contribution that local, in situ, oestrone synthesis makes to the oestrogen content of breast tumours. 3H-Androstenedione and 14C-oestrone were infused into women with advanced breast cancer for 12 hr before operation. At surgery, normal breast and breast tumour biopsy samples were(More)