Luisana Avilán

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Enolase is a glycolytic and gluconeogenic enzyme also found on the surface of several eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells where it acts as plasminogen binding protein. Leishmania mexicana, one of the causative agents of Leishmaniasis, binds plasminogen and, in this parasite, enolase has been previously found associated with the external face of the plasma(More)
The binding of human plasminogen and plasmin to the promastigote form of Leishmania mexicana was investigated. L. mexicana was capable to bind both molecules, the binding being inhibited by epsilon-aminocaproic acid. Scatchard plot analysis revealed a dissociation constant (Kd) value of 2.4+/-0.8 microM and 0.9+/-0.1 x 10(4) binding sites per cell for(More)
The genes of the mitochondrial and cytosolic malate dehydrogenase (mMDH and cMDH) of Phytophthora infestans were cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli as active enzymes. The catalytic properties of these proteins were determined: both enzymes have a similar specific activity. In addition, the natural mitochondrial isoenzyme was semi-purified from(More)
The Trypanosoma cruzi hexokinase gene has been cloned, sequenced, and expressed as an active enzyme in Escherichia coli. Sequence analysis revealed 67% identity with its counterpart in Trypanosoma brucei but low similarity with all other available hexokinase sequences including those of human. It contains an N-terminal peroxisome-targeting signal (PTS-2)(More)
In addition of their usual intracellular localization where they are involved in catalyzing reactions of carbohydrate and energy metabolism by glycolysis, multiple studies have shown that glycolytic enzymes of many organisms, but notably pathogens, can also be present extracellularly. In the case of parasitic protists and helminths, they can be found either(More)
The interaction of plasminogen with Leishmania mexicana promastigotes was found, using immunoperoxidase assays, to occur with a specific morphotype. In in vitro cultured promastigotes, the morphotype that possessed the plasminogen binding capacity had round to ovoid cell bodies. In contrast, neither slender nor metacyclic promastigotes showed this property.(More)
Leishmania mexicana is able to interact with the fibrinolytic system through its component plasminogen, the zymogenic form of the protease plasmin. In this study a new plasminogen binding protein of this parasite was identified: LACK, the Leishmania homolog of receptors for activated C-kinase. Plasminogen binds recombinant LACK with a K(d) value of 1.6±0.4(More)
The activation of oxidized phosphoribulokinase either "free" or as part of a bi-enzyme complex by reduced thioredoxins during the enzyme reaction was studied. In the presence of reduced thioredoxin, the product of the reaction catalyzed by phosphoribulokinase within the bi-enzyme complex does not appear in a linear fashion. It follows a mono-exponential(More)
A bienzyme complex made up of phosphoribulokinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase has been isolated and purified from chloroplasts of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The complex contains four phosphoribulokinase and eight glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase polypeptide chains. As phosphoribulokinase is dimeric and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate(More)
Oxidized, free, stable phosphoribulokinase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was almost completely devoid of catalytic activity (0.06 s(-1)/site). However, when it was bound to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from the same organism, it displayed significant activity (3.25 s(-1)/site). Moreover, this complex tended to spontaneously dissociate upon(More)