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AIMS The histopathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) is typically made based on a combination of clinical and morphological features supported by immunohistochemistry studies. The aim of this study was to examine the staining quality, sensitivity, specificity and utility of antibodies used commonly in GIST diagnosis. METHODS AND(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potent antiresorptive molecule that binds NF-kappaB ligand, the final effector for osteoclastogenesis. OPG production is regulated by a number of cytokines and hormones. Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted adhesive glycoprotein involved in tumour angiogenesis, and also a non-collagenous protein involved in bone turnover. OPN serum(More)
Although Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) affect about 0.0014% of the population, GISTs smaller than 1 cm (microGISTs) are detectable in about 20% to 30% of elderly individuals. This suggests that microGISTs likely represent premalignant precursors that evolve only in a minute fraction of cases toward overt GISTs. We sought histopathologic and(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) natural history per se has not been extensively investigated yet, with most data being drawn from large studies with a relevant referral bias. Hence, the estimation of prognosis still remains a critical issue. We retrospectively evaluated 929 GISTs resected between 1980 and 2000 in 35 Italian institutions. A total of(More)
PURPOSE Oxaliplatin (OHP) is a new platinum antineoplastic, while gemcitabine (GEM) is one of the most active drugs against non-small cell carcinoma (NSCLC). The OHP/GEM combination is interesting because the drugs have different mechanisms of action and toxicity profiles. The primary endpoint of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)(More)
PURPOSE The combination of radiotherapy and fluorouracil (5-FU) in patients with locally unresectable pancreatic carcinoma has led to a significant increase in survival in comparison with radiotherapy alone. Doxifluridine (5-DFUR) is an orally active fluoropyrimidine, and its cytotoxic metabolite (5-FU) may concentrate in areas of high tumor(More)
BACKGROUND the combination of a luteinising hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) analogue and an aromatase inhibitor (AI) induces greater oestrogen suppression than the analogue alone in premenopausal breast cancer. However, very few data on the biological effects of such a combination are currently available. AIM OF THE STUDY the short-term effects of(More)
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) has been widely used to detect small numbers of circulating malignant epithelial cells in the bone marrow or the peripheral blood of patients with breast cancer. However, a high percentage of false positive results has been recorded and conflicting reports question the(More)
The mutation status of KIT or PDGFRA notoriously affects the response of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Conversely, it is currently still unclear whether mutation status impinges on the prognosis of localized, untreated GISTs. Hence, at present, this variable is not included in decision making for adjuvant(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Most (80 %) contain activating mutations in the KIT receptor tyrosine kinase, roughly 10 % in platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA). In a small subset, BRAF mutations are an alternative molecular pathway. GISTs respond well to imatinib, but low(More)