Luisa Sambati

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Accelerated long term forgetting (ALF) is a characteristic cognitive aspect in patients affected by temporal lobe epilepsy that is probably due to an impairment of memory consolidation and retrieval caused by epileptic activity in hippocampal and parahippocampal regions. We describe a case of a patient with TLE who showed improvement in ALF and in remote(More)
OBJECTIVE Melanopsin retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) are photoreceptors driving circadian photoentrainment, and circadian dysfunction characterizes Alzheimer disease (AD). We investigated mRGCs in AD, hypothesizing that they contribute to circadian dysfunction. METHODS We assessed retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness by optical coherence tomography(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Adult-onset autosomal dominant leukodystrophy (ADLD) is a rare progressive neurological disorder caused by Lamin B1 duplication (LMNB1). Our aim was to investigate longitudinally the pattern of the autonomic dysfunction and the degree of neuropsychological involvement. METHODS Three related ADLD patients and one asymptomatic carrier(More)
Many studies have addressed the relation between orthostatic hypotension (OH) and cognitive impairment (CI) in the elderly, in mild cognitive impairment, vascular and neurodegenerative dementias and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. However, results concerning both the increased coexistence of the two conditions and their causal relationship(More)
INTRODUCTION The in vivo differential diagnosis between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (PS), such as multiple system atrophy [MSA with a cerebellar (C) and parkinsonian (P) subtype] and progressive supranuclear palsy - Richardson's Syndrome (PSP-RS) is often challenging. Previous brain MR proton spectroscopy(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced brain MR techniques are useful tools for differentiating Progressive Supranuclear Palsy from Parkinson's disease, although time-consuming and unlikely to be used all together in routine clinical work. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative morphometric, volumetric and DTI metrics for differentiating Progressive(More)
BACKGROUND The profile and degree of cognitive impairment in Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) and the impact of sleep disorders, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in particular, in parkinsonism-related cognitive deficits are currently being debated. SUMMARY We reviewed the cognitive, affective and sleep findings in MSA and also carried out a longitudinal(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a neurodegenerative disease characterised by cardiovascular autonomic failure and/or urinary dysfunctions, associated with parkinsonism, cerebellar and/or corticospinal signs, usually leading to death after an average of 7 years. We describe the disease course of five patients diagnosed with probable MSA (4 with predominant(More)
OBJECTIVE aims of the current study were 1) to evaluate global cognitive function in patients with autonomic failure (AF) of peripheral origin and 2) to investigate the effect of a documented fall in blood pressure (BP) fulfilling the criteria for orthostatic hypotension (OH) on cognitive performances. METHODS we assessed 12 consecutive patients (10(More)
BACKGROUND One of the hallmarks of the α-synucleinopathies is the degeneration of the autonomic nervous system. SUMMARY This review discusses the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular autonomic failure within the context of the α-synucleinopathies. In addition, it outlines the utility of various laboratory assessments including cardiovascular reflex(More)