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Many studies have addressed the relation between orthostatic hypotension (OH) and cognitive impairment (CI) in the elderly, in mild cognitive impairment, vascular and neurodegenerative dementias and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. However, results concerning both the increased coexistence of the two conditions and their causal relationship(More)
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a neurodegenerative disease characterised by cardiovascular autonomic failure and/or urinary dysfunctions, associated with parkinsonism, cerebellar and/or corticospinal signs, usually leading to death after an average of 7 years. We describe the disease course of five patients diagnosed with probable MSA (4 with predominant(More)
OBJECTIVE aims of the current study were 1) to evaluate global cognitive function in patients with autonomic failure (AF) of peripheral origin and 2) to investigate the effect of a documented fall in blood pressure (BP) fulfilling the criteria for orthostatic hypotension (OH) on cognitive performances. METHODS we assessed 12 consecutive patients (10(More)
BACKGROUND One of the hallmarks of the α-synucleinopathies is the degeneration of the autonomic nervous system. SUMMARY This review discusses the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular autonomic failure within the context of the α-synucleinopathies. In addition, it outlines the utility of various laboratory assessments including cardiovascular reflex(More)
OBJECTIVE Melanopsin retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) are photoreceptors driving circadian photoentrainment, and circadian dysfunction characterizes Alzheimer disease (AD). We investigated mRGCs in AD, hypothesizing that they contribute to circadian dysfunction. METHODS We assessed retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness by optical coherence tomography(More)
INTRODUCTION The in vivo differential diagnosis between idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (PS), such as multiple system atrophy [MSA with a cerebellar (C) and parkinsonian (P) subtype] and progressive supranuclear palsy - Richardson's Syndrome (PSP-RS) is often challenging. Previous brain MR proton spectroscopy(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced brain MR techniques are useful tools for differentiating Progressive Supranuclear Palsy from Parkinson's disease, although time-consuming and unlikely to be used all together in routine clinical work. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative morphometric, volumetric and DTI metrics for differentiating Progressive(More)
BACKGROUND The profile and degree of cognitive impairment in Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) and the impact of sleep disorders, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in particular, in parkinsonism-related cognitive deficits are currently being debated. SUMMARY We reviewed the cognitive, affective and sleep findings in MSA and also carried out a longitudinal(More)
The objective is to evaluate the prognosis of subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) patients during 4-year follow-up. A prospective study on 92 SCC patients investigating their cognitive, affective and behavioural aspects. SCC patients were classified as having no objective cognitive impairment (NOCI), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or subtypes of MCI.(More)
Migraine has complex relationships with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disorders but also with cardiac anomalies. Patients affected by migraine with aura have an increased prevalence of right-to-left shunt due to patent foramen ovale or pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. The association between ischemic heart disease, cardiovascular mortality and(More)